Perceived cultural distance and acculturation among exchange students in Russia

I. Suanet, F.J.R. van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

846 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The relations of perceived cultural distance, personality, acculturation orientations and outcomes were studied among exchange students (N = 187) in Russia who came from various countries in Asia, sub‐Saharan Africa, Latin America and the former Soviet Union. The hypothesis was supported that a larger perceived cultural distance between mainstream and immigrant culture is associated with less psychological (homesickness and stress) and sociocultural (behaviour with Russian students and behaviour with co‐nationals) adjustment. The statistical relations between perceived cultural distance, personality and sociocultural adjustment were much stronger for host domain behaviour than for home domain behaviour. Adjustment was higher for participants with more cultural empathy, openmindedness and flexibility. Adjustment showed statistically stronger associations with cultural distance than with acculturation orientations. It is concluded that cultural distance may be more salient than acculturation orientations in studies of heterogeneous groups of immigrants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-197
JournalJournal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
Volume19
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

student exchange
Acculturation
acculturation
Russia
personality
immigrant
Loneliness
Latin America
USSR
Africa South of the Sahara
empathy
flexibility
Group
student

Cite this

@article{bbefed1d76ee40589929aa704c765da9,
title = "Perceived cultural distance and acculturation among exchange students in Russia",
abstract = "The relations of perceived cultural distance, personality, acculturation orientations and outcomes were studied among exchange students (N = 187) in Russia who came from various countries in Asia, sub‐Saharan Africa, Latin America and the former Soviet Union. The hypothesis was supported that a larger perceived cultural distance between mainstream and immigrant culture is associated with less psychological (homesickness and stress) and sociocultural (behaviour with Russian students and behaviour with co‐nationals) adjustment. The statistical relations between perceived cultural distance, personality and sociocultural adjustment were much stronger for host domain behaviour than for home domain behaviour. Adjustment was higher for participants with more cultural empathy, openmindedness and flexibility. Adjustment showed statistically stronger associations with cultural distance than with acculturation orientations. It is concluded that cultural distance may be more salient than acculturation orientations in studies of heterogeneous groups of immigrants.",
author = "I. Suanet and {van de Vijver}, F.J.R.",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "182--197",
journal = "Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "1052-9284",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

Perceived cultural distance and acculturation among exchange students in Russia. / Suanet, I.; van de Vijver, F.J.R.

In: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2009, p. 182-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived cultural distance and acculturation among exchange students in Russia

AU - Suanet, I.

AU - van de Vijver, F.J.R.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The relations of perceived cultural distance, personality, acculturation orientations and outcomes were studied among exchange students (N = 187) in Russia who came from various countries in Asia, sub‐Saharan Africa, Latin America and the former Soviet Union. The hypothesis was supported that a larger perceived cultural distance between mainstream and immigrant culture is associated with less psychological (homesickness and stress) and sociocultural (behaviour with Russian students and behaviour with co‐nationals) adjustment. The statistical relations between perceived cultural distance, personality and sociocultural adjustment were much stronger for host domain behaviour than for home domain behaviour. Adjustment was higher for participants with more cultural empathy, openmindedness and flexibility. Adjustment showed statistically stronger associations with cultural distance than with acculturation orientations. It is concluded that cultural distance may be more salient than acculturation orientations in studies of heterogeneous groups of immigrants.

AB - The relations of perceived cultural distance, personality, acculturation orientations and outcomes were studied among exchange students (N = 187) in Russia who came from various countries in Asia, sub‐Saharan Africa, Latin America and the former Soviet Union. The hypothesis was supported that a larger perceived cultural distance between mainstream and immigrant culture is associated with less psychological (homesickness and stress) and sociocultural (behaviour with Russian students and behaviour with co‐nationals) adjustment. The statistical relations between perceived cultural distance, personality and sociocultural adjustment were much stronger for host domain behaviour than for home domain behaviour. Adjustment was higher for participants with more cultural empathy, openmindedness and flexibility. Adjustment showed statistically stronger associations with cultural distance than with acculturation orientations. It is concluded that cultural distance may be more salient than acculturation orientations in studies of heterogeneous groups of immigrants.

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 182

EP - 197

JO - Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology

SN - 1052-9284

IS - 3

ER -