Perceived relationship development in anxious and non-anxious adolescents: a person-centered five-wave longitudinal study

H. Hadiwijaya*, T. A. Klimstra, J. K. Vermunt, S. J. T. Branje, W. H. J. Meeus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Developmental changes in adolescents' relationships with parents and friends intertwine, but individual differences in these relationships are likely to emerge as not all adolescents develop similarly. Generalized anxiety symptoms may underlie these individual differences, as these symptoms have frequently been associated with interpersonal difficulties. This study examines relationship quality development with parents and friends in adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms. A latent transition analysis was performed in a two-cohort five-wave study design covering ages 12 to 16 (n = 923, 50.8% males) and 16 to 20 (n = 390, 43.4% males). About one-third of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms perceived a turbulent relationship with both their parents and best friends, whereas only one-tenth of those with low levels of generalized anxiety symptoms did. Low levels as opposed to high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms predicted a twice as high likelihood to perceive harmonious relationships with both their parents and best friends. Nevertheless, adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms exhibited similar trends in relationship development. Overall, our findings indicate that generalized anxiety symptoms are not deterministic markers for relationship difficulties as there were plenty of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms that experienced no relationship difficulties across adolescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-513
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Parents
Individuality

Keywords

  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • DEPRESSION
  • FRIENDS
  • Friendship development
  • GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
  • Generalized anxiety symptoms
  • Individual differences
  • PARENTS
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • Parent-adolescent relationship
  • Person-centered approach
  • QUALITY
  • ROMANTIC PARTNERS
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
  • TRAJECTORIES

Cite this

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title = "Perceived relationship development in anxious and non-anxious adolescents: a person-centered five-wave longitudinal study",
abstract = "Developmental changes in adolescents' relationships with parents and friends intertwine, but individual differences in these relationships are likely to emerge as not all adolescents develop similarly. Generalized anxiety symptoms may underlie these individual differences, as these symptoms have frequently been associated with interpersonal difficulties. This study examines relationship quality development with parents and friends in adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms. A latent transition analysis was performed in a two-cohort five-wave study design covering ages 12 to 16 (n = 923, 50.8{\%} males) and 16 to 20 (n = 390, 43.4{\%} males). About one-third of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms perceived a turbulent relationship with both their parents and best friends, whereas only one-tenth of those with low levels of generalized anxiety symptoms did. Low levels as opposed to high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms predicted a twice as high likelihood to perceive harmonious relationships with both their parents and best friends. Nevertheless, adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms exhibited similar trends in relationship development. Overall, our findings indicate that generalized anxiety symptoms are not deterministic markers for relationship difficulties as there were plenty of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms that experienced no relationship difficulties across adolescence.",
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Perceived relationship development in anxious and non-anxious adolescents: a person-centered five-wave longitudinal study. / Hadiwijaya, H.; Klimstra, T. A.; Vermunt, J. K.; Branje, S. J. T.; Meeus, W. H. J.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 47, No. 3, 2019, p. 499-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived relationship development in anxious and non-anxious adolescents: a person-centered five-wave longitudinal study

AU - Hadiwijaya, H.

AU - Klimstra, T. A.

AU - Vermunt, J. K.

AU - Branje, S. J. T.

AU - Meeus, W. H. J.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

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AB - Developmental changes in adolescents' relationships with parents and friends intertwine, but individual differences in these relationships are likely to emerge as not all adolescents develop similarly. Generalized anxiety symptoms may underlie these individual differences, as these symptoms have frequently been associated with interpersonal difficulties. This study examines relationship quality development with parents and friends in adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms. A latent transition analysis was performed in a two-cohort five-wave study design covering ages 12 to 16 (n = 923, 50.8% males) and 16 to 20 (n = 390, 43.4% males). About one-third of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms perceived a turbulent relationship with both their parents and best friends, whereas only one-tenth of those with low levels of generalized anxiety symptoms did. Low levels as opposed to high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms predicted a twice as high likelihood to perceive harmonious relationships with both their parents and best friends. Nevertheless, adolescents with low and high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms exhibited similar trends in relationship development. Overall, our findings indicate that generalized anxiety symptoms are not deterministic markers for relationship difficulties as there were plenty of adolescents with high levels of generalized anxiety symptoms that experienced no relationship difficulties across adolescence.

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KW - DEPRESSION

KW - FRIENDS

KW - Friendship development

KW - GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER

KW - Generalized anxiety symptoms

KW - Individual differences

KW - PARENTS

KW - PERCEPTIONS

KW - Parent-adolescent relationship

KW - Person-centered approach

KW - QUALITY

KW - ROMANTIC PARTNERS

KW - SOCIAL SUPPORT

KW - TRAJECTORIES

U2 - 10.1007/s10802-018-0452-4

DO - 10.1007/s10802-018-0452-4

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SP - 499

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JO - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

SN - 0091-0627

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ER -