Social support may reduce the amount of psychological distress and increase quality of life. This study assessed whether sodo-demographic, personality, and clinical characteristics predict the level of perceived social support in patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer.
Patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer who participated in the ROGY Care study and completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support(MSPSS) 12 months after inclusion were eligible for this study (n = 238). Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the predictive value of socio-demographic characteristics, personality and clinical characteristics after initial treatment on the perceived level of social support after 12 months.
Of the 238 patients (mean age 64.8 +/- 9.4 years), 139 patients had endometrial cancer (58%) and 99 patients had ovarian cancer (42%). One year after inclusion, the level of perceived social support was high in 79% of all patients (n=189). Patients experiencing low level of perceived social support (n=49) less often had a partner (69% versus 83% in patients with high level of perceived social support; p=0.029), had a higher education level (24% versus 15% respectively; p=0.013) and a distressed (type D) personality was more common (40% versus 16% respectively; p
In patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer, the level of perceived social support is mainly associated with a distressed (type D) personality. Those patients can be at risk of experiencing less social support. Future research is needed to assess whether they might benefit from additional support during cancer diagnosis and treatment.