Personal pensions with risk sharing

Lans Bovenberg*, Theo Nijman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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To improve the design of the pay-out phase of DC plans, this paper proposes a new approach to structure pension products: the Personal Pension with Risk sharing (PPR). By unbundling and valuing the investment, (dis)saving, insurance and risk-sharing functions of pensions, PPRs allow risk management and (dis)saving to be customized to the specific features of heterogeneous individuals. Unlike variable annuities, PPRs allow investment risks to be combined with longevity insurance without giving rise to high year-on-year volatility in consumption streams or opaque and rigid valuation and smoothing rules. The synthesis of a PPR structure provides new opportunities for product innovation and for the comparison of retirement products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-466
JournalJournal of Pension Economics & Finance
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • Private pensions
  • defined benefit
  • defined contribution
  • risk management
  • risk sharing
  • variable annuities


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