Personality and behavioural changes do not precede memory problems as possible signs of dementia in ageing people with Down syndrome

J.B. Blok, J.G.M. Scheirs, N.S. Thijm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective
The objective was to find out whether changes in personality and adaptive functioning or memory processes decline first in ageing people with Down syndrome.
Methods
We measured these variables cross-sectionally in a Dutch sample (22 to 62 years of age) of 68 institutionalised people with Down syndrome.
Results
The scores on all the variables except one of the temperament scales were found to decline gradually with increasing age, but deterioration of episodic memory started earlier.
Conclusions
We argued that a subset of our sample suffered from dementia. Furthermore, the data suggested that immediate memory impairment is one of the earliest signs of the disease in people with Down syndrome, just as it is in the general population.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10.1002/gps.4606
Pages (from-to)1257 - 1263
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Down Syndrome
Episodic Memory
Short-Term Memory

Keywords

  • Down syndrome, dementia, memory performance, adaptive functioning, intellectual disability

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective The objective was to find out whether changes in personality and adaptive functioning or memory processes decline first in ageing people with Down syndrome. Methods We measured these variables cross-sectionally in a Dutch sample (22 to 62 years of age) of 68 institutionalised people with Down syndrome. Results The scores on all the variables except one of the temperament scales were found to decline gradually with increasing age, but deterioration of episodic memory started earlier. Conclusions We argued that a subset of our sample suffered from dementia. Furthermore, the data suggested that immediate memory impairment is one of the earliest signs of the disease in people with Down syndrome, just as it is in the general population.",
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Personality and behavioural changes do not precede memory problems as possible signs of dementia in ageing people with Down syndrome. / Blok, J.B.; Scheirs, J.G.M.; Thijm, N.S.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 12, 10.1002/gps.4606, 2017, p. 1257 - 1263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Personality and behavioural changes do not precede memory problems as possible signs of dementia in ageing people with Down syndrome

AU - Blok, J.B.

AU - Scheirs, J.G.M.

AU - Thijm, N.S.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Objective The objective was to find out whether changes in personality and adaptive functioning or memory processes decline first in ageing people with Down syndrome. Methods We measured these variables cross-sectionally in a Dutch sample (22 to 62 years of age) of 68 institutionalised people with Down syndrome. Results The scores on all the variables except one of the temperament scales were found to decline gradually with increasing age, but deterioration of episodic memory started earlier. Conclusions We argued that a subset of our sample suffered from dementia. Furthermore, the data suggested that immediate memory impairment is one of the earliest signs of the disease in people with Down syndrome, just as it is in the general population.

AB - Objective The objective was to find out whether changes in personality and adaptive functioning or memory processes decline first in ageing people with Down syndrome. Methods We measured these variables cross-sectionally in a Dutch sample (22 to 62 years of age) of 68 institutionalised people with Down syndrome. Results The scores on all the variables except one of the temperament scales were found to decline gradually with increasing age, but deterioration of episodic memory started earlier. Conclusions We argued that a subset of our sample suffered from dementia. Furthermore, the data suggested that immediate memory impairment is one of the earliest signs of the disease in people with Down syndrome, just as it is in the general population.

KW - Down syndrome, dementia, memory performance, adaptive functioning, intellectual disability

U2 - 10.1002/gps.4606

DO - 10.1002/gps.4606

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JF - International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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