Personality development and its associations with the bifactor model of psychopathology in adolescence

Paula Etkin, Elien De Caluwé, Manuel I. Ibáñez, Generós Ortet, Laura Mezquita*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
130 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Although personality is closely related to the psychopathology structure, to our knowledge no study has explored the associations between the Five-Factor traits and a bifactor psychopathology model within a personality developmental framework. Consequently, this study aims to explore intercept and growth of personality traits across three assessments in a 2-year period and their associations with psychopathology in a nonclinical sample of 551 adolescents (51.5% girls; Mage = 13.77, SD = 1.29). Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the bifactor structure of psychopathology. Latent growth curve modeling showed a slightly declining trend in neuroticism and conscientiousness. Individual differences in starting point and change in personality independently predicted later psychopathology. This highlights the importance of these parameters as risk or protective factors, when developing prevention programs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104205
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • 5-FACTOR MODEL
  • Adolescents, development
  • CHILD-PERSONALITY
  • DIMENSIONS
  • DISORDERS
  • Five-Factor Model
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • GENERAL FACTOR
  • Latent growth curve modelling
  • P FACTOR
  • Personality
  • Pfactor
  • Psychopathology
  • STABILITY
  • SYMPTOMS
  • TRAITS

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