Personality, health behaviors and quality of life among colorectal cancer survivors

Results from the PROFILES registry

O. Husson, J. Denollet, N.P.M. Ezendam, F. Mols

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Abstract

Purpose:

There is a paucity of research into the relationship between personality and health behaviors among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Type D personality and its two constituent components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), are associated with health behaviors, quality of life (QoL) and mental distress among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.

Methods:

Population-based study among 2620 CRC patients diagnosed between 2000-2009 who completed measures of personality (DS14), health behaviors, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30) and mental distress (HADS).

Results:

Personality was not associated with BMI or smoking. Those scoring high on NA (with or without SI) were more often non-drinkers and less physically active compared to those scoring high on neither or only SI. Personality (high scores NA) and health behaviors (inactivity) were independently associated with poor QoL and mental distress.

Conclusions: CRC survivors with high scores on NA are at risk to be inactive and have worse health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-76
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Oncology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Health Behavior
Survivors
Neoplasms

Cite this

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title = "Personality, health behaviors and quality of life among colorectal cancer survivors: Results from the PROFILES registry",
abstract = "Purpose: There is a paucity of research into the relationship between personality and health behaviors among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Type D personality and its two constituent components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), are associated with health behaviors, quality of life (QoL) and mental distress among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.Methods: Population-based study among 2620 CRC patients diagnosed between 2000-2009 who completed measures of personality (DS14), health behaviors, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30) and mental distress (HADS).Results: Personality was not associated with BMI or smoking. Those scoring high on NA (with or without SI) were more often non-drinkers and less physically active compared to those scoring high on neither or only SI. Personality (high scores NA) and health behaviors (inactivity) were independently associated with poor QoL and mental distress.Conclusions: CRC survivors with high scores on NA are at risk to be inactive and have worse health outcomes.",
author = "O. Husson and J. Denollet and N.P.M. Ezendam and F. Mols",
year = "2017",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Journal of Psychosocial Oncology",
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Personality, health behaviors and quality of life among colorectal cancer survivors : Results from the PROFILES registry. / Husson, O.; Denollet, J.; Ezendam, N.P.M.; Mols, F.

In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2017, p. 61-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality, health behaviors and quality of life among colorectal cancer survivors

T2 - Results from the PROFILES registry

AU - Husson, O.

AU - Denollet, J.

AU - Ezendam, N.P.M.

AU - Mols, F.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Purpose: There is a paucity of research into the relationship between personality and health behaviors among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Type D personality and its two constituent components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), are associated with health behaviors, quality of life (QoL) and mental distress among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.Methods: Population-based study among 2620 CRC patients diagnosed between 2000-2009 who completed measures of personality (DS14), health behaviors, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30) and mental distress (HADS).Results: Personality was not associated with BMI or smoking. Those scoring high on NA (with or without SI) were more often non-drinkers and less physically active compared to those scoring high on neither or only SI. Personality (high scores NA) and health behaviors (inactivity) were independently associated with poor QoL and mental distress.Conclusions: CRC survivors with high scores on NA are at risk to be inactive and have worse health outcomes.

AB - Purpose: There is a paucity of research into the relationship between personality and health behaviors among cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Type D personality and its two constituent components, negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), are associated with health behaviors, quality of life (QoL) and mental distress among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.Methods: Population-based study among 2620 CRC patients diagnosed between 2000-2009 who completed measures of personality (DS14), health behaviors, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30) and mental distress (HADS).Results: Personality was not associated with BMI or smoking. Those scoring high on NA (with or without SI) were more often non-drinkers and less physically active compared to those scoring high on neither or only SI. Personality (high scores NA) and health behaviors (inactivity) were independently associated with poor QoL and mental distress.Conclusions: CRC survivors with high scores on NA are at risk to be inactive and have worse health outcomes.

U2 - 10.1080/07347332.2016.1226227

DO - 10.1080/07347332.2016.1226227

M3 - Article

VL - 35

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EP - 76

JO - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

JF - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

SN - 0734-7332

IS - 1

ER -