Personality maturation around the world

A cross-cultural examination of Social-Investment Theory

W. Bleidorn, T.A. Klimstra, J.J.A. Denissen, P.J. Rentfrow, J. Potter, S.D. Gosling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

189 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

During early adulthood, individuals from different cultures across the world tend to become more agreeable, more conscientious, and less neurotic. Two leading theories offer different explanations for these pervasive age trends: Five-factor theory proposes that personality maturation is largely determined by genetic factors, whereas social-investment theory proposes that personality maturation in early adulthood is largely the result of normative life transitions to adult roles. In the research reported here, we conducted the first systematic cross-cultural test of these theories using data from a large Internet-based sample of young adults from 62 nations (N = 884,328). We found strong evidence for universal personality maturation from early to middle adulthood, yet there were significant cultural differences in age effects on personality traits. Consistent with social-investment theory, results showed that cultures with an earlier onset of adult-role responsibilities were marked by earlier personality maturation.
Keywords: personality development, Big Five, social investment, culture, adult development, cross-cultural differences, personality
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2530-2540
JournalPsychological Science
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Young Adult

Cite this

Bleidorn, W. ; Klimstra, T.A. ; Denissen, J.J.A. ; Rentfrow, P.J. ; Potter, J. ; Gosling, S.D. / Personality maturation around the world : A cross-cultural examination of Social-Investment Theory. In: Psychological Science. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 12. pp. 2530-2540.
@article{a99b6b77856e463e8d03aa79fb4333fd,
title = "Personality maturation around the world: A cross-cultural examination of Social-Investment Theory",
abstract = "During early adulthood, individuals from different cultures across the world tend to become more agreeable, more conscientious, and less neurotic. Two leading theories offer different explanations for these pervasive age trends: Five-factor theory proposes that personality maturation is largely determined by genetic factors, whereas social-investment theory proposes that personality maturation in early adulthood is largely the result of normative life transitions to adult roles. In the research reported here, we conducted the first systematic cross-cultural test of these theories using data from a large Internet-based sample of young adults from 62 nations (N = 884,328). We found strong evidence for universal personality maturation from early to middle adulthood, yet there were significant cultural differences in age effects on personality traits. Consistent with social-investment theory, results showed that cultures with an earlier onset of adult-role responsibilities were marked by earlier personality maturation.Keywords: personality development, Big Five, social investment, culture, adult development, cross-cultural differences, personality",
author = "W. Bleidorn and T.A. Klimstra and J.J.A. Denissen and P.J. Rentfrow and J. Potter and S.D. Gosling",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1177/0956797613498396",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "2530--2540",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",
number = "12",

}

Personality maturation around the world : A cross-cultural examination of Social-Investment Theory. / Bleidorn, W.; Klimstra, T.A.; Denissen, J.J.A.; Rentfrow, P.J.; Potter, J.; Gosling, S.D.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 24, No. 12, 2013, p. 2530-2540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality maturation around the world

T2 - A cross-cultural examination of Social-Investment Theory

AU - Bleidorn, W.

AU - Klimstra, T.A.

AU - Denissen, J.J.A.

AU - Rentfrow, P.J.

AU - Potter, J.

AU - Gosling, S.D.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - During early adulthood, individuals from different cultures across the world tend to become more agreeable, more conscientious, and less neurotic. Two leading theories offer different explanations for these pervasive age trends: Five-factor theory proposes that personality maturation is largely determined by genetic factors, whereas social-investment theory proposes that personality maturation in early adulthood is largely the result of normative life transitions to adult roles. In the research reported here, we conducted the first systematic cross-cultural test of these theories using data from a large Internet-based sample of young adults from 62 nations (N = 884,328). We found strong evidence for universal personality maturation from early to middle adulthood, yet there were significant cultural differences in age effects on personality traits. Consistent with social-investment theory, results showed that cultures with an earlier onset of adult-role responsibilities were marked by earlier personality maturation.Keywords: personality development, Big Five, social investment, culture, adult development, cross-cultural differences, personality

AB - During early adulthood, individuals from different cultures across the world tend to become more agreeable, more conscientious, and less neurotic. Two leading theories offer different explanations for these pervasive age trends: Five-factor theory proposes that personality maturation is largely determined by genetic factors, whereas social-investment theory proposes that personality maturation in early adulthood is largely the result of normative life transitions to adult roles. In the research reported here, we conducted the first systematic cross-cultural test of these theories using data from a large Internet-based sample of young adults from 62 nations (N = 884,328). We found strong evidence for universal personality maturation from early to middle adulthood, yet there were significant cultural differences in age effects on personality traits. Consistent with social-investment theory, results showed that cultures with an earlier onset of adult-role responsibilities were marked by earlier personality maturation.Keywords: personality development, Big Five, social investment, culture, adult development, cross-cultural differences, personality

U2 - 10.1177/0956797613498396

DO - 10.1177/0956797613498396

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 2530

EP - 2540

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 12

ER -