Personality traits, loneliness, and attitudes toward aloneness in adolescence

E. Teppers, T.A. Klimstra, C. van Damme, K. Luyckx, J. Vanhalst, L. Goossens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


Within a dual-level model of personality, loneliness, and attitudes toward aloneness can be regarded as phase-specific adaptations that are influenced by personality traits. Therefore, we examined the associations between personality traits (i.e., the Big Five, sociotropy, and autonomy), loneliness, and attitudes toward aloneness in two samples of late adolescents (N = 1388 and N = 419). A specific pattern of associations was found that replicated across samples. Lower scores on agreeableness and stronger concerns about independence (i.e., greater autonomy) were positive predictors of both peer-related and parent-related loneliness. Extraversion was a predictor of lower affinity for and greater aversion to aloneness. The other personality traits were predictors of a particular type of loneliness or a specific attitude toward aloneness.
Keywords: Adolescence, attitudes toward aloneness, autonomy, Big Five, loneliness, sociotropy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1063
JournalJournal of Social and Personal Relationships
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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