Perspectives of hospitalized patients with mental disorders and their clinicians on vocational goals, barriers, and steps to overcome barriers

J. Knaeps, I. Neyens, Jaap van Weeghel, C. Van Audenhove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:
People with mental disorders experience difficulties with finding competitive jobs. In countries with longer psychiatric hospitalization periods, the vocational rehabilitation process can start during hospitalization. Yet, rehabilitation can be hindered by a lack of focus by clinicians on the patients’ vocational goals and a lack of agreement between clinicians and patients.
Aims:
To compare (i) vocational goals, (ii) barriers to employment and (iii) support needed to overcome barriers faced by patients.
Method:
The paired data-set comprised 733 hospitalized patients and their 279 clinicians. Patients selected their vocational goals and clinicians indicated options that seemed realistic. Patients and clinicians indicated how many barriers exist and what support is needed to overcome barriers.
Results:
Almost 45% of patients prefer competitive jobs, while 32% of clinicians find this realistic, indicating a moderate relationship between patients’ goals and clinicians’ perceptions. Patients and clinicians also differ in their perception of the level of barriers and types of support to overcome them. Patients perceive fewer vocational barriers than clinicians and prefer less intense vocational support options.
Conclusions:
Patients and clinicians have different perspectives concerning vocational recovery. Improving vocational rehabilitation requires a stronger alignment between patients and clinicians’ vocational goals and barriers.
Keywords:Clinician, hospitalized patients, vocational rehabilitation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-201
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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