Physiological and emotional responses to evaluative stress in socially inhibited young adults

Stefanie Duijndam, Annemiek Karreman, Denollet †, Nina Kupper*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background
There are large individual differences in dealing with everyday social stress. Therefore, we investigated the association of social inhibition (and its facets) with the emotional and physiological responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).

Methods
Undergraduate students (N = 312) completed the 15-item Social Inhibition Questionnaire (SIQ15) and participated in the TSST, while emotional and cardiovascular stress responses were recorded. We examined the effect of social inhibition across time with repeated-measures ANCOVAs.

Findings
During social stress (and recovery), social inhibition was associated with increased negative mood reactivity (especially the behavioral inhibition facet) and heightened sympathetic activation (especially the social withdrawal and interpersonal sensitivity). Physiological stress reactivity seems to be mostly α-adrenergic in women, and also β-adrenergic in men.

Conclusions
Emotional and physiological stress responses are associated with individual differences in social inhibition. This warrants more research on mechanisms that underlie the relations between social inhibition, stress and health.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107811
Number of pages10
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume149
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Individuality
Adrenergic Agents

Keywords

  • ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • ASSOCIATION
  • BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION
  • BLOOD-PRESSURE
  • D PERSONALITY
  • Emotional reactivity
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • HEART-RATE
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • Physiological reactivity
  • RISK
  • SYMPATHETIC-NERVOUS-SYSTEM
  • Social inhibition
  • Social stress
  • Stress

Cite this

@article{4c3a54e2789841dbbfd3dd5c57f4c562,
title = "Physiological and emotional responses to evaluative stress in socially inhibited young adults",
abstract = "BackgroundThere are large individual differences in dealing with everyday social stress. Therefore, we investigated the association of social inhibition (and its facets) with the emotional and physiological responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).MethodsUndergraduate students (N = 312) completed the 15-item Social Inhibition Questionnaire (SIQ15) and participated in the TSST, while emotional and cardiovascular stress responses were recorded. We examined the effect of social inhibition across time with repeated-measures ANCOVAs.FindingsDuring social stress (and recovery), social inhibition was associated with increased negative mood reactivity (especially the behavioral inhibition facet) and heightened sympathetic activation (especially the social withdrawal and interpersonal sensitivity). Physiological stress reactivity seems to be mostly α-adrenergic in women, and also β-adrenergic in men.ConclusionsEmotional and physiological stress responses are associated with individual differences in social inhibition. This warrants more research on mechanisms that underlie the relations between social inhibition, stress and health.",
keywords = "ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, ASSOCIATION, BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION, BLOOD-PRESSURE, D PERSONALITY, Emotional reactivity, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, HEART-RATE, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, Physiological reactivity, RISK, SYMPATHETIC-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, Social inhibition, Social stress, Stress",
author = "Stefanie Duijndam and Annemiek Karreman and {Denollet †} and Nina Kupper",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.107811",
language = "English",
volume = "149",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0301-0511",
publisher = "Elsevier Science BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physiological and emotional responses to evaluative stress in socially inhibited young adults

AU - Duijndam, Stefanie

AU - Karreman, Annemiek

AU - Denollet †, null

AU - Kupper, Nina

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - BackgroundThere are large individual differences in dealing with everyday social stress. Therefore, we investigated the association of social inhibition (and its facets) with the emotional and physiological responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).MethodsUndergraduate students (N = 312) completed the 15-item Social Inhibition Questionnaire (SIQ15) and participated in the TSST, while emotional and cardiovascular stress responses were recorded. We examined the effect of social inhibition across time with repeated-measures ANCOVAs.FindingsDuring social stress (and recovery), social inhibition was associated with increased negative mood reactivity (especially the behavioral inhibition facet) and heightened sympathetic activation (especially the social withdrawal and interpersonal sensitivity). Physiological stress reactivity seems to be mostly α-adrenergic in women, and also β-adrenergic in men.ConclusionsEmotional and physiological stress responses are associated with individual differences in social inhibition. This warrants more research on mechanisms that underlie the relations between social inhibition, stress and health.

AB - BackgroundThere are large individual differences in dealing with everyday social stress. Therefore, we investigated the association of social inhibition (and its facets) with the emotional and physiological responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).MethodsUndergraduate students (N = 312) completed the 15-item Social Inhibition Questionnaire (SIQ15) and participated in the TSST, while emotional and cardiovascular stress responses were recorded. We examined the effect of social inhibition across time with repeated-measures ANCOVAs.FindingsDuring social stress (and recovery), social inhibition was associated with increased negative mood reactivity (especially the behavioral inhibition facet) and heightened sympathetic activation (especially the social withdrawal and interpersonal sensitivity). Physiological stress reactivity seems to be mostly α-adrenergic in women, and also β-adrenergic in men.ConclusionsEmotional and physiological stress responses are associated with individual differences in social inhibition. This warrants more research on mechanisms that underlie the relations between social inhibition, stress and health.

KW - ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION

KW - ASSOCIATION

KW - BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION

KW - BLOOD-PRESSURE

KW - D PERSONALITY

KW - Emotional reactivity

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - HEART-RATE

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - Physiological reactivity

KW - RISK

KW - SYMPATHETIC-NERVOUS-SYSTEM

KW - Social inhibition

KW - Social stress

KW - Stress

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.107811

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.107811

M3 - Article

VL - 149

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

M1 - 107811

ER -