Positive daily experiences are associated with personality trait changes in middle-aged mothers

J. Borghuis, J.J.A. Denissen, K. Sijtsma, S.T.J. Branje, W.H.J. Meeus, W. Bleidorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Theory and research have suggested that recurrent daily experiences can affect personality traits. The present study examined the longitudinal relation between individual differences in positive daily experiences and the Big Five personality traits. Data came from Dutch mothers (N = 483; M age = 44 years at T1) who completed up to six yearly personality questionnaires and 15 between‐year assessment bursts, lasting five consecutive days each. Using multilevel structural equation modelling, we found that individual differences in daily experiences of positive affect and perceived relationship support/affection with partners and children were positively associated with subsequent rank‐order changes in all Big Five personality traits. In contrast, we found little evidence that personality traits were associated with rank‐order changes in daily experiences, which may be due to the very‐high rank‐order stability of positive affect and relationship support. Furthermore, positive daily experiences demonstrated incremental validity in predicting rank‐order changes in trait agreeableness, emotional stability, and openness, over and above daily negative affect and relationship conflict. The results suggest that positive affective and interpersonal daily experiences contribute to positive personality trait changes in middle adulthood. We discuss these results in the context of contemporary theories of personality trait development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)672-689
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Mothers
Individuality

Keywords

  • 5-FACTOR MODEL
  • BEHAVIOR
  • CONTINGENCIES
  • LIFE-COURSE
  • LINEAR MODELING ANALYSES
  • MEAN-LEVEL
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PI-R SCALES
  • RELATIONSHIP TRANSACTION
  • STABILITY
  • adulthood
  • daily diary
  • personality development
  • positive affect
  • social relationships

Cite this

Borghuis, J. ; Denissen, J.J.A. ; Sijtsma, K. ; Branje, S.T.J. ; Meeus, W.H.J. ; Bleidorn, W. / Positive daily experiences are associated with personality trait changes in middle-aged mothers. In: European Journal of Personality. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 6. pp. 672-689.
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Positive daily experiences are associated with personality trait changes in middle-aged mothers. / Borghuis, J.; Denissen, J.J.A.; Sijtsma, K.; Branje, S.T.J.; Meeus, W.H.J.; Bleidorn, W.

In: European Journal of Personality, Vol. 32, No. 6, 2018, p. 672-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Positive daily experiences are associated with personality trait changes in middle-aged mothers

AU - Borghuis, J.

AU - Denissen, J.J.A.

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AU - Branje, S.T.J.

AU - Meeus, W.H.J.

AU - Bleidorn, W.

N1 - This article earned Open Data, Open Materials and Preregistered badges through Open Practices Disclosure from the Center for Open Science: https://osf.io/tvyxz/wiki. The data and materials are permanently and openly accessible at https://osf.io/x7pgq/, https://osf.io/q9jy3/, https://osf.io/cdev3/ and https://osf.io/uj2dr/. Author's disclosure form may also be found at the Supporting Information in the online version.

PY - 2018

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N2 - Theory and research have suggested that recurrent daily experiences can affect personality traits. The present study examined the longitudinal relation between individual differences in positive daily experiences and the Big Five personality traits. Data came from Dutch mothers (N = 483; M age = 44 years at T1) who completed up to six yearly personality questionnaires and 15 between‐year assessment bursts, lasting five consecutive days each. Using multilevel structural equation modelling, we found that individual differences in daily experiences of positive affect and perceived relationship support/affection with partners and children were positively associated with subsequent rank‐order changes in all Big Five personality traits. In contrast, we found little evidence that personality traits were associated with rank‐order changes in daily experiences, which may be due to the very‐high rank‐order stability of positive affect and relationship support. Furthermore, positive daily experiences demonstrated incremental validity in predicting rank‐order changes in trait agreeableness, emotional stability, and openness, over and above daily negative affect and relationship conflict. The results suggest that positive affective and interpersonal daily experiences contribute to positive personality trait changes in middle adulthood. We discuss these results in the context of contemporary theories of personality trait development.

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KW - PI-R SCALES

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KW - STABILITY

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