Predictors of faking behavior on personality inventories in selection: Do indicators of the ability and motivation to fake predict faking?

Djurre Holtrop*, Janneke K. Oostrom, Patrick D. Dunlop, Cecilia Runneboom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This study investigated whether faking behavior on a personality inventory can be predicted by two indicators of the ability to fake (cognitive ability and the ability to identify criteria; ATIC) and two indicators of the motivation to fake (perceived faking norms and honesty–humility). Firefighter applicants first completed a personality inventory under high-stakes conditions and, three months later, under low-stakes conditions (n = 128). Analyses revealed very little faking behavior on average. Cognitive ability and ATIC were both negatively related to personality score elevation, but only cognitive ability exhibited a statistically significant association. Neither perceived faking norms nor honesty–humility were significantly related to personality score elevation and only perceived competition was positively related to overclaiming (a proxy of faking).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-202
JournalInternational Journal of Selection and Assessment
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • APPLICANT FAKING
  • BIG 5
  • CANDIDATES ABILITY
  • COGNITIVE-ABILITY
  • IDENTIFY CRITERIA
  • IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT
  • RESPONSE DISTORTION
  • SOCIAL DESIRABILITY
  • TESTS
  • VALIDITY

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