Predictors of workplace violence among ambulance personnel: A longitudinal study.

Peter van der Velden, Mark Bosmans, Erik van der Meulen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)
    159 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Abstract
    Aim
    To examine predictors of repeated confrontations with workplace violence
    among ambulance personnel, the proportion of exposure to potentially traumatic events that are aggression-related and to what extent personnel was able to prevent escalations. Although previous research assessed the prevalences among this group, little is known about predictors, to what extent PTE’s are WPV-related and their abilities to prevent escalations.

    Design
    A longitudinal study with a 6 months’ time interval (N = 103).

    Methods
    At T1 demographics, workplace violence and potentially traumatic events in the
    past year, mental health, personality, handling of rules, coping and social organizational stressors were assessed. Confrontations with aggression were also examined at T2.

    Results
    Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that only problems with superiors independently predicted repeated verbal aggression and that only the (absence of the) ability to compromise very easily predicted repeatedly being on
    guard and repeatedly confronted with any form of aggression. Due to very low
    prevalences, we could not examine predictors of repeated confrontations with
    physical aggression (N = 5) and serious threat (N = 7). A large majority
    reported that in most workplace violence cases they could prevent further escalations. About 2% reported a potentially traumatic event in the year before T1 that was WPV related and perceived as very stressful.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages9
    JournalNursingOpen
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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