Predictors of workplace violence among ambulance personnel: A longitudinal study.

Peter van der Velden, Mark Bosmans, Erik van der Meulen

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Abstract

Abstract
Aim
To examine predictors of repeated confrontations with workplace violence
among ambulance personnel, the proportion of exposure to potentially traumatic events that are aggression-related and to what extent personnel was able to prevent escalations. Although previous research assessed the prevalences among this group, little is known about predictors, to what extent PTE’s are WPV-related and their abilities to prevent escalations.

Design
A longitudinal study with a 6 months’ time interval (N = 103).

Methods
At T1 demographics, workplace violence and potentially traumatic events in the
past year, mental health, personality, handling of rules, coping and social organizational stressors were assessed. Confrontations with aggression were also examined at T2.

Results
Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that only problems with superiors independently predicted repeated verbal aggression and that only the (absence of the) ability to compromise very easily predicted repeatedly being on
guard and repeatedly confronted with any form of aggression. Due to very low
prevalences, we could not examine predictors of repeated confrontations with
physical aggression (N = 5) and serious threat (N = 7). A large majority
reported that in most workplace violence cases they could prevent further escalations. About 2% reported a potentially traumatic event in the year before T1 that was WPV related and perceived as very stressful.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalNursingOpen
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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  • Cite this

    van der Velden, P., Bosmans, M., & van der Meulen, E. (2016). Predictors of workplace violence among ambulance personnel: A longitudinal study. NursingOpen.