Preregistration of secondary data analysis: A template and tutorial

Olmo van den Akker*, Sara Weston, Lorne Campbell, Bill Chopik, Rodica Damian, Pamela Davis-Kean, Andrew Hall, Jessica Kosie, Elliott Kruse, Jerome Olsen, Stuart Ritchie, KD Valentine, Anna Van 't Veer, Marjan Bakker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Preregistration has been lauded as one of the solutions to the so-called ‘crisis of confidence’ in the social sciences and has therefore gained popularity in recent years. However, the current guidelines for preregistration have been developed primarily for studies where new data will be collected. Yet, preregistering secondary data analyses--- where new analyses are proposed for existing data---is just as important, given that researchers’ hypotheses and analyses may be biased by their prior knowledge of the data. The need for proper guidance in this area is especially desirable now that data is increasingly shared publicly. In this tutorial, we present a template specifically designed for the preregistration of secondary data analyses and provide comments and a worked example that may help with using the template effectively. Through this illustration, we show that completing such a template is feasible, helps limit researcher degrees of freedom, and may make researchers more deliberate in their data selection and analysis efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2625
JournalMeta-Psychology
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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