Prevalence and psychosocial correlates of party-drug use and associated problems among university students in the Netherlands

L.E. Kunst, W.A. Gebhardt

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Abstract

Background
Recent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions.
Objectives
In addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors.
Methods
An online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression). Univariate and multivariate bootstrapped linear regression analyses were used.
Results
Of all students, 22.9% indicated having used party-drugs at least once, with a notable sex difference (39.2% of men vs. 16.2% of women). In contrast to the reported trends in Dutch nightlife, GHB was used rarely (lifetime 1.6%) and new psychoactive substances (NPS; 6.7%) appeared almost equally popular as amphetamines (7.6%) and cocaine (7%). Mild health/psychosocial problems (e.g., doing embarrassing things, feeling unwell) were common (65%), whereas serious problems (e.g., being hospitalized) were rare. Neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and impulsiveness were associated with lifetime but not regular party-drug use. Of all predictors, lifetime and regular party-drug use were most strongly related to lenient injunctive and descriptive norms in friends, and a low motivation to comply with parents.
Conclusions
Our findings indicate that harm reduction/preventive interventions might profit from focusing on social norms, and targeting students who are highly involved in a pro-party-drug environment while experiencing less parental influence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2088
JournalSubstance Use & Misuse
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Netherlands
drug use
university
Pharmaceutical Preparations
student
Harm Reduction
Social Norms
drug
neuroticism
psychosocial factors
demographic factors
personality traits
aggression
personality
profit
parents
Linear Models
Parents
regression
questionnaire

Keywords

  • AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE
  • ALCOHOL-USE
  • ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER
  • BARRATT IMPULSIVENESS SCALE
  • COLLEGE-STUDENTS
  • ECSTASY USE
  • NONPARAMETRIC BOOTSTRAP
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • Party-drugs
  • SUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS
  • YOUNG-ADULTS
  • college students
  • new psychoactive substances
  • personality
  • social norms

Cite this

@article{ca5e905c5b2444c6a00444d28de9b8e1,
title = "Prevalence and psychosocial correlates of party-drug use and associated problems among university students in the Netherlands",
abstract = "BackgroundRecent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions.ObjectivesIn addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. MethodsAn online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression). Univariate and multivariate bootstrapped linear regression analyses were used. ResultsOf all students, 22.9{\%} indicated having used party-drugs at least once, with a notable sex difference (39.2{\%} of men vs. 16.2{\%} of women). In contrast to the reported trends in Dutch nightlife, GHB was used rarely (lifetime 1.6{\%}) and new psychoactive substances (NPS; 6.7{\%}) appeared almost equally popular as amphetamines (7.6{\%}) and cocaine (7{\%}). Mild health/psychosocial problems (e.g., doing embarrassing things, feeling unwell) were common (65{\%}), whereas serious problems (e.g., being hospitalized) were rare. Neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and impulsiveness were associated with lifetime but not regular party-drug use. Of all predictors, lifetime and regular party-drug use were most strongly related to lenient injunctive and descriptive norms in friends, and a low motivation to comply with parents. ConclusionsOur findings indicate that harm reduction/preventive interventions might profit from focusing on social norms, and targeting students who are highly involved in a pro-party-drug environment while experiencing less parental influence.",
keywords = "AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE, ALCOHOL-USE, ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER, BARRATT IMPULSIVENESS SCALE, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, ECSTASY USE, NONPARAMETRIC BOOTSTRAP, PLANNED BEHAVIOR, Party-drugs, SUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS, YOUNG-ADULTS, college students, new psychoactive substances, personality, social norms",
author = "L.E. Kunst and W.A. Gebhardt",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/10826084.2018.1455700",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "2077--2088",
journal = "Substance Use & Misuse",
issn = "1082-6084",
publisher = "Marcel Dekker Inc.",
number = "12",

}

Prevalence and psychosocial correlates of party-drug use and associated problems among university students in the Netherlands. / Kunst, L.E.; Gebhardt, W.A.

In: Substance Use & Misuse, Vol. 53, No. 12, 2018, p. 2077-2088.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and psychosocial correlates of party-drug use and associated problems among university students in the Netherlands

AU - Kunst, L.E.

AU - Gebhardt, W.A.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BackgroundRecent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions.ObjectivesIn addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. MethodsAn online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression). Univariate and multivariate bootstrapped linear regression analyses were used. ResultsOf all students, 22.9% indicated having used party-drugs at least once, with a notable sex difference (39.2% of men vs. 16.2% of women). In contrast to the reported trends in Dutch nightlife, GHB was used rarely (lifetime 1.6%) and new psychoactive substances (NPS; 6.7%) appeared almost equally popular as amphetamines (7.6%) and cocaine (7%). Mild health/psychosocial problems (e.g., doing embarrassing things, feeling unwell) were common (65%), whereas serious problems (e.g., being hospitalized) were rare. Neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and impulsiveness were associated with lifetime but not regular party-drug use. Of all predictors, lifetime and regular party-drug use were most strongly related to lenient injunctive and descriptive norms in friends, and a low motivation to comply with parents. ConclusionsOur findings indicate that harm reduction/preventive interventions might profit from focusing on social norms, and targeting students who are highly involved in a pro-party-drug environment while experiencing less parental influence.

AB - BackgroundRecent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions.ObjectivesIn addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. MethodsAn online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression). Univariate and multivariate bootstrapped linear regression analyses were used. ResultsOf all students, 22.9% indicated having used party-drugs at least once, with a notable sex difference (39.2% of men vs. 16.2% of women). In contrast to the reported trends in Dutch nightlife, GHB was used rarely (lifetime 1.6%) and new psychoactive substances (NPS; 6.7%) appeared almost equally popular as amphetamines (7.6%) and cocaine (7%). Mild health/psychosocial problems (e.g., doing embarrassing things, feeling unwell) were common (65%), whereas serious problems (e.g., being hospitalized) were rare. Neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and impulsiveness were associated with lifetime but not regular party-drug use. Of all predictors, lifetime and regular party-drug use were most strongly related to lenient injunctive and descriptive norms in friends, and a low motivation to comply with parents. ConclusionsOur findings indicate that harm reduction/preventive interventions might profit from focusing on social norms, and targeting students who are highly involved in a pro-party-drug environment while experiencing less parental influence.

KW - AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - ALCOHOL-USE

KW - ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER

KW - BARRATT IMPULSIVENESS SCALE

KW - COLLEGE-STUDENTS

KW - ECSTASY USE

KW - NONPARAMETRIC BOOTSTRAP

KW - PLANNED BEHAVIOR

KW - Party-drugs

KW - SUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS

KW - YOUNG-ADULTS

KW - college students

KW - new psychoactive substances

KW - personality

KW - social norms

U2 - 10.1080/10826084.2018.1455700

DO - 10.1080/10826084.2018.1455700

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 2077

EP - 2088

JO - Substance Use & Misuse

JF - Substance Use & Misuse

SN - 1082-6084

IS - 12

ER -