Price competition, short-termism and environmental performance

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24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies the relationships between the intensity of price competition, time horizon and environmental performance. We hypothesize that more intense price competition discourages environmental performance by inducing short-termism in companies.We test the hypotheses on a sample of 3152 companies from twelve European countries. Using structural equation modeling, test results show that price competition significantly shortens the time horizon that companies apply in strategic decisions and that (long) time horizon significantly increases their environmental performance. However, the net negative effect of the intensity of price competition on environmental performance is small in absolute terms. The policy implication is that there is no serious dilemma between fostering environmental performance on one hand and increasing consumer surplus by encouraging price competition on the other hand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-134
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • corporate social performance
  • environmental performance
  • short-termism
  • price competition
  • SMEs
  • time horizon


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