Private lenders’ demand for audit

R.M. Baylis, P. Burnap, M.A. Clatworthy, Mahmoud Gad, C.K.M. Pong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We study clauses in private lending agreements requiring auditors to assure lenders of borrowers’ compliance with financial covenants. Auditors are required under general purpose financial reporting to review covenant compliance. However, by informing lenders directly that they have no knowledge of default, auditors may increase their litigation risk. We find that auditor covenant compliance assurance clauses are significantly associated with more complex contractual adjustments to net income, the extent of reliance on accounting information in the contract, intangibility of borrowers’ assets, the number of lenders and loan maturity. We provide novel evidence of the audit market enhancing efficient contracting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-97
JournalJournal of Accounting & Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • auditing
  • financial reporting
  • debt contracts


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