Productivity and Unemployment in a Two-country Model with Endogenous Growth

A.B.T.M. van Schaik, H.L.F. de Groot

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Relative to the United States, most European countries have high rates of unemployment and low levels of productivity in manufacturing. To relate these issues, we develop a leader-follower model with endogenous growth and dual labour markets, stressing the role of high-tech and high-wage sectors in trade between countries. The model shows a negative relation between unemployment and growth. The steady state relative productivity level and the corresponding rates of unemployment depend on the relative level of fixed costs in the high-tech sectors of both countries. Downsizing of firms in the leader country raises the worldwide rate of unemployment, whereas downsizing of firms in the follower country enlarges the productivity trap.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
Number of pages39
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper


  • international trade
  • endogenous growth
  • unemployment
  • efficiency wages
  • managerial fixed costs
  • relative productivity


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