Profiles of SAVRY risk and protective factors within male and female juvenile offenders: A latent class and latent transition analysis

Ed L. B. Hilterman*, Jeroen K. Vermunt, Tonia L. Nicholls, Ilja L. Bongers, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This longitudinal study explored the existence of, and the transition between, latent classes based on risk/need domains of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). The study included 4,267 male and 661 female justice-involved juveniles who had at least one SAVRY assessment completed between 2006 and 2011. A three-step approach was used for the latent class analyses (LCA): (1) A standard LCA estimated the classes; (2) the class-membership was determined; and (3) latent transition analyses estimated the likelihood of transition between the subgroups. For male adolescents, five latent classes were identified: (a) low risk/needs (36%); (b) low-moderate risk/needs (26%); (c) moderate risk/needs (11%); (d) moderate-high risk/needs (19%); and (e) high risk/needs (8%). For female adolescents, three subgroups were identified: (a) low risk/needs (30%); (b) moderate risk/needs (51%); and (c) high risk/needs (19%). Recidivism rates differentiated the subgroups, and the likelihood of transition within a 12-months timeframe was low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-364
JournalInternational Journal of Forensic Mental Health
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Justice-involved juveniles
  • Latent class analyses
  • Gender
  • Risk assessment
  • SAVRY
  • VIOLENCE RISK
  • PREDICTIVE-VALIDITY
  • STRUCTURED ASSESSMENT
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • CASE FORMULATION
  • NEEDS
  • PSYCHOPATHY
  • RELIABILITY
  • FRAMEWORK
  • CRITERIA

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