Profiles of SAVRY risk and protective factors within male and female juvenile offenders: A latent class and latent transition analysis

Ed L. B. Hilterman*, Jeroen K. Vermunt, Tonia L. Nicholls, Ilja L. Bongers, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This longitudinal study explored the existence of, and the transition between, latent classes based on risk/need domains of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). The study included 4,267 male and 661 female justice-involved juveniles who had at least one SAVRY assessment completed between 2006 and 2011. A three-step approach was used for the latent class analyses (LCA): (1) A standard LCA estimated the classes; (2) the class-membership was determined; and (3) latent transition analyses estimated the likelihood of transition between the subgroups. For male adolescents, five latent classes were identified: (a) low risk/needs (36%); (b) low-moderate risk/needs (26%); (c) moderate risk/needs (11%); (d) moderate-high risk/needs (19%); and (e) high risk/needs (8%). For female adolescents, three subgroups were identified: (a) low risk/needs (30%); (b) moderate risk/needs (51%); and (c) high risk/needs (19%). Recidivism rates differentiated the subgroups, and the likelihood of transition within a 12-months timeframe was low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-364
JournalInternational Journal of Forensic Mental Health
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Justice-involved juveniles
  • Latent class analyses
  • Gender
  • Risk assessment
  • SAVRY
  • VIOLENCE RISK
  • PREDICTIVE-VALIDITY
  • STRUCTURED ASSESSMENT
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • CASE FORMULATION
  • NEEDS
  • PSYCHOPATHY
  • RELIABILITY
  • FRAMEWORK
  • CRITERIA

Cite this

@article{ed3f95dca5094bd8a98608f2494ca01f,
title = "Profiles of SAVRY risk and protective factors within male and female juvenile offenders: A latent class and latent transition analysis",
abstract = "This longitudinal study explored the existence of, and the transition between, latent classes based on risk/need domains of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). The study included 4,267 male and 661 female justice-involved juveniles who had at least one SAVRY assessment completed between 2006 and 2011. A three-step approach was used for the latent class analyses (LCA): (1) A standard LCA estimated the classes; (2) the class-membership was determined; and (3) latent transition analyses estimated the likelihood of transition between the subgroups. For male adolescents, five latent classes were identified: (a) low risk/needs (36{\%}); (b) low-moderate risk/needs (26{\%}); (c) moderate risk/needs (11{\%}); (d) moderate-high risk/needs (19{\%}); and (e) high risk/needs (8{\%}). For female adolescents, three subgroups were identified: (a) low risk/needs (30{\%}); (b) moderate risk/needs (51{\%}); and (c) high risk/needs (19{\%}). Recidivism rates differentiated the subgroups, and the likelihood of transition within a 12-months timeframe was low.",
keywords = "Justice-involved juveniles, Latent class analyses, Gender, Risk assessment, SAVRY, VIOLENCE RISK, PREDICTIVE-VALIDITY, STRUCTURED ASSESSMENT, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, CASE FORMULATION, NEEDS, PSYCHOPATHY, RELIABILITY, FRAMEWORK, CRITERIA",
author = "Hilterman, {Ed L. B.} and Vermunt, {Jeroen K.} and Nicholls, {Tonia L.} and Bongers, {Ilja L.} and {van Nieuwenhuizen}, Chijs",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/14999013.2019.1580803",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "350--364",
journal = "International Journal of Forensic Mental Health",
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Profiles of SAVRY risk and protective factors within male and female juvenile offenders : A latent class and latent transition analysis. / Hilterman, Ed L. B.; Vermunt, Jeroen K.; Nicholls, Tonia L.; Bongers, Ilja L.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Chijs.

In: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2019, p. 350-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Bongers, Ilja L.

AU - van Nieuwenhuizen, Chijs

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N2 - This longitudinal study explored the existence of, and the transition between, latent classes based on risk/need domains of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY). The study included 4,267 male and 661 female justice-involved juveniles who had at least one SAVRY assessment completed between 2006 and 2011. A three-step approach was used for the latent class analyses (LCA): (1) A standard LCA estimated the classes; (2) the class-membership was determined; and (3) latent transition analyses estimated the likelihood of transition between the subgroups. For male adolescents, five latent classes were identified: (a) low risk/needs (36%); (b) low-moderate risk/needs (26%); (c) moderate risk/needs (11%); (d) moderate-high risk/needs (19%); and (e) high risk/needs (8%). For female adolescents, three subgroups were identified: (a) low risk/needs (30%); (b) moderate risk/needs (51%); and (c) high risk/needs (19%). Recidivism rates differentiated the subgroups, and the likelihood of transition within a 12-months timeframe was low.

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