Prosocial consequences of third-party anger

Janne Van Doorn, M. Zeelenberg, S.M. Breugelmans, Sebastian Berger, Tyler Okimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Anger has traditionally been associated with aggression and antagonistic behavior. A series of studies revealed that experiences of third-party anger (anger experienced when observing that harm is done to someone) can also lead to prosocial behavior. More specifically, three studies, hypothetical scenarios as well as a behavioral study, revealed that third-party anger can promote compensation of the victim. The results also showed a preference for such prosocial behaviors over antagonistic behaviors. We conclude that behaviors stemming from anger, whether antagonistic or prosocial, are reactions to inequity, albeit determined by the constraints of the situation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-599
JournalTheory and Decision
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

anger
aggression
Anger
Compensation and Redress
scenario
experience
Prosocial behavior
Prosocial Behavior

Keywords

  • ALTRUISTIC PUNISHMENT
  • Compensation
  • DETERMINANTS
  • EMOTIONS
  • EMPATHY
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • INJUSTICE
  • Inequity
  • JUSTICE
  • MORAL OUTRAGE
  • PSYCHOLOGY
  • Prosocial
  • Punishment
  • Third-party anger
  • UNFAIRNESS

Cite this

Van Doorn, Janne ; Zeelenberg, M. ; Breugelmans, S.M. ; Berger, Sebastian ; Okimoto, Tyler. / Prosocial consequences of third-party anger. In: Theory and Decision. 2018 ; Vol. 84, No. 4. pp. 585-599.
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Prosocial consequences of third-party anger. / Van Doorn, Janne; Zeelenberg, M.; Breugelmans, S.M.; Berger, Sebastian ; Okimoto, Tyler.

In: Theory and Decision, Vol. 84, No. 4, 2018, p. 585-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Prosocial consequences of third-party anger

AU - Van Doorn, Janne

AU - Zeelenberg, M.

AU - Breugelmans, S.M.

AU - Berger, Sebastian

AU - Okimoto, Tyler

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Anger has traditionally been associated with aggression and antagonistic behavior. A series of studies revealed that experiences of third-party anger (anger experienced when observing that harm is done to someone) can also lead to prosocial behavior. More specifically, three studies, hypothetical scenarios as well as a behavioral study, revealed that third-party anger can promote compensation of the victim. The results also showed a preference for such prosocial behaviors over antagonistic behaviors. We conclude that behaviors stemming from anger, whether antagonistic or prosocial, are reactions to inequity, albeit determined by the constraints of the situation.

AB - Anger has traditionally been associated with aggression and antagonistic behavior. A series of studies revealed that experiences of third-party anger (anger experienced when observing that harm is done to someone) can also lead to prosocial behavior. More specifically, three studies, hypothetical scenarios as well as a behavioral study, revealed that third-party anger can promote compensation of the victim. The results also showed a preference for such prosocial behaviors over antagonistic behaviors. We conclude that behaviors stemming from anger, whether antagonistic or prosocial, are reactions to inequity, albeit determined by the constraints of the situation.

KW - ALTRUISTIC PUNISHMENT

KW - Compensation

KW - DETERMINANTS

KW - EMOTIONS

KW - EMPATHY

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - INJUSTICE

KW - Inequity

KW - JUSTICE

KW - MORAL OUTRAGE

KW - PSYCHOLOGY

KW - Prosocial

KW - Punishment

KW - Third-party anger

KW - UNFAIRNESS

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DO - 10.1007/s11238-017-9652-6

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