Prospectively measured lifestyle factors and BMI explain differences in health-related quality of life between colorectal cancer patients with and without comorbid diabetes

P.A.J. Vissers, M.S.Y. Thong, F. Pouwer, G.-J. Creemers, G.D. Slooter, L.V. van de Poll-Franse

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Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between lifestyle factors, body mass index (BMI), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colorectal cancer patients with (CRCDM+) and without diabetes (CRCDM−).
Methods
Data from a longitudinal study among CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 were used. Clinical characteristics were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry and questionnaires were sent in 2010, 2011, and 2012 using the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) registry. Lifestyle (including moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), smoking and alcohol use), BMI, diabetes status, and HRQoL were assessed in the questionnaire.
Results
One thousand seven hundred thirty-nine (49 %) patients responded to ≥2 questionnaires, of whom 126 CRCDM+ and 789 CRCDM− patients were included. CRCDM+ patients had a higher BMI (29.1 ± 4.2 vs. 26.4 ± 3.7 kg/m2), whereas the number of alcohol users was lower (50 vs. 70 %, p value <0.0001) among CRCDM+ as compared to CRCDM− patients. Analyses adjusted for sociodemographic and cancer characteristics showed that CRCDM+ patients reported statistically significantly lower physical function (beta = -5.76; SE = 1.67), global QoL (beta = -4.31; SE = 1.48), and more symptoms of fatigue (beta = 5.38; SE = 1.95) than CRCDM− patients. However, these effects disappeared after adjustments for lifestyle factors and BMI which were all significant predictors of HRQoL. Additional adjustment for comorbidity further attenuated the main effect of DM on HRQoL.
Conclusions
Diabetes was not independently associated with HRQoL but deteriorated HRQoL among CRCDM+ patients seem to be explained by an unhealthier lifestyle and other comorbid conditions. Moreover, residual confounding cannot be ruled out.KeywordsColorectal cancer, Diabetes, Lifestyle, Health-related quality of life
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2591–2601
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Body Mass Index
Alcohols
Neoplasms
Netherlands
Comorbidity
Survival Rate
Exercise
Surveys and Questionnaires

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@article{64059a8c91cf410d9b601bfb8729dc03,
title = "Prospectively measured lifestyle factors and BMI explain differences in health-related quality of life between colorectal cancer patients with and without comorbid diabetes",
abstract = "PurposeThis study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between lifestyle factors, body mass index (BMI), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colorectal cancer patients with (CRCDM+) and without diabetes (CRCDM−).MethodsData from a longitudinal study among CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 were used. Clinical characteristics were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry and questionnaires were sent in 2010, 2011, and 2012 using the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) registry. Lifestyle (including moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), smoking and alcohol use), BMI, diabetes status, and HRQoL were assessed in the questionnaire.ResultsOne thousand seven hundred thirty-nine (49 {\%}) patients responded to ≥2 questionnaires, of whom 126 CRCDM+ and 789 CRCDM− patients were included. CRCDM+ patients had a higher BMI (29.1 ± 4.2 vs. 26.4 ± 3.7 kg/m2), whereas the number of alcohol users was lower (50 vs. 70 {\%}, p value <0.0001) among CRCDM+ as compared to CRCDM− patients. Analyses adjusted for sociodemographic and cancer characteristics showed that CRCDM+ patients reported statistically significantly lower physical function (beta = -5.76; SE = 1.67), global QoL (beta = -4.31; SE = 1.48), and more symptoms of fatigue (beta = 5.38; SE = 1.95) than CRCDM− patients. However, these effects disappeared after adjustments for lifestyle factors and BMI which were all significant predictors of HRQoL. Additional adjustment for comorbidity further attenuated the main effect of DM on HRQoL.ConclusionsDiabetes was not independently associated with HRQoL but deteriorated HRQoL among CRCDM+ patients seem to be explained by an unhealthier lifestyle and other comorbid conditions. Moreover, residual confounding cannot be ruled out.KeywordsColorectal cancer, Diabetes, Lifestyle, Health-related quality of life",
author = "P.A.J. Vissers and M.S.Y. Thong and F. Pouwer and G.-J. Creemers and G.D. Slooter and {van de Poll-Franse}, L.V.",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s00520-015-3052-7",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "2591–2601",
journal = "Supportive Care in Cancer",
issn = "0941-4355",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

Prospectively measured lifestyle factors and BMI explain differences in health-related quality of life between colorectal cancer patients with and without comorbid diabetes. / Vissers, P.A.J.; Thong, M.S.Y.; Pouwer, F.; Creemers, G.-J.; Slooter, G.D.; van de Poll-Franse, L.V.

In: Supportive Care in Cancer, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2016, p. 2591–2601.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospectively measured lifestyle factors and BMI explain differences in health-related quality of life between colorectal cancer patients with and without comorbid diabetes

AU - Vissers, P.A.J.

AU - Thong, M.S.Y.

AU - Pouwer, F.

AU - Creemers, G.-J.

AU - Slooter, G.D.

AU - van de Poll-Franse, L.V.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - PurposeThis study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between lifestyle factors, body mass index (BMI), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colorectal cancer patients with (CRCDM+) and without diabetes (CRCDM−).MethodsData from a longitudinal study among CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 were used. Clinical characteristics were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry and questionnaires were sent in 2010, 2011, and 2012 using the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) registry. Lifestyle (including moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), smoking and alcohol use), BMI, diabetes status, and HRQoL were assessed in the questionnaire.ResultsOne thousand seven hundred thirty-nine (49 %) patients responded to ≥2 questionnaires, of whom 126 CRCDM+ and 789 CRCDM− patients were included. CRCDM+ patients had a higher BMI (29.1 ± 4.2 vs. 26.4 ± 3.7 kg/m2), whereas the number of alcohol users was lower (50 vs. 70 %, p value <0.0001) among CRCDM+ as compared to CRCDM− patients. Analyses adjusted for sociodemographic and cancer characteristics showed that CRCDM+ patients reported statistically significantly lower physical function (beta = -5.76; SE = 1.67), global QoL (beta = -4.31; SE = 1.48), and more symptoms of fatigue (beta = 5.38; SE = 1.95) than CRCDM− patients. However, these effects disappeared after adjustments for lifestyle factors and BMI which were all significant predictors of HRQoL. Additional adjustment for comorbidity further attenuated the main effect of DM on HRQoL.ConclusionsDiabetes was not independently associated with HRQoL but deteriorated HRQoL among CRCDM+ patients seem to be explained by an unhealthier lifestyle and other comorbid conditions. Moreover, residual confounding cannot be ruled out.KeywordsColorectal cancer, Diabetes, Lifestyle, Health-related quality of life

AB - PurposeThis study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between lifestyle factors, body mass index (BMI), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colorectal cancer patients with (CRCDM+) and without diabetes (CRCDM−).MethodsData from a longitudinal study among CRC patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2009 were used. Clinical characteristics were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry and questionnaires were sent in 2010, 2011, and 2012 using the Patient Reported Outcomes Following Initial Treatment and Long term Evaluation of Survivorship (PROFILES) registry. Lifestyle (including moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), smoking and alcohol use), BMI, diabetes status, and HRQoL were assessed in the questionnaire.ResultsOne thousand seven hundred thirty-nine (49 %) patients responded to ≥2 questionnaires, of whom 126 CRCDM+ and 789 CRCDM− patients were included. CRCDM+ patients had a higher BMI (29.1 ± 4.2 vs. 26.4 ± 3.7 kg/m2), whereas the number of alcohol users was lower (50 vs. 70 %, p value <0.0001) among CRCDM+ as compared to CRCDM− patients. Analyses adjusted for sociodemographic and cancer characteristics showed that CRCDM+ patients reported statistically significantly lower physical function (beta = -5.76; SE = 1.67), global QoL (beta = -4.31; SE = 1.48), and more symptoms of fatigue (beta = 5.38; SE = 1.95) than CRCDM− patients. However, these effects disappeared after adjustments for lifestyle factors and BMI which were all significant predictors of HRQoL. Additional adjustment for comorbidity further attenuated the main effect of DM on HRQoL.ConclusionsDiabetes was not independently associated with HRQoL but deteriorated HRQoL among CRCDM+ patients seem to be explained by an unhealthier lifestyle and other comorbid conditions. Moreover, residual confounding cannot be ruled out.KeywordsColorectal cancer, Diabetes, Lifestyle, Health-related quality of life

U2 - 10.1007/s00520-015-3052-7

DO - 10.1007/s00520-015-3052-7

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 2591

EP - 2601

JO - Supportive Care in Cancer

JF - Supportive Care in Cancer

SN - 0941-4355

IS - 6

ER -