Protein-coding variants implicate novel genes related to lipid homeostasis contributing to body-fat distribution

Anne E. Justice, Tugce Karaderi, Heather M. Highland, Kristin L. Young, Mariaelisa Graff, Yingchang Lu, Valérie Turcot, Paul L. Auer, Rebecca S. Fine, Xiuqing Guo, Claudia Schurmann, Adelheid Lempradl, Eirini Marouli, Anubha Mahajan, Thomas W. Winkler, Adam E. Locke, Carolina Medina-gomez, Tõnu Esko, Sailaja Vedantam, Ayush GiriKen Sin Lo, Tamuno Alfred, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C. Y. Ng, Nancy L. Heard-costa, Mary F. Feitosa, Alisa K. Manning, Sara M. Willems, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Goncalo Abecasis, Dewan S. Alam, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Zorayr Arzumanyan, Beverley Balkau, Lisa Bastarache, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F. Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A. Böger, Jette Bork-jensen, Erwin P. Bottinger, Donald W. Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Linda Broer, Amber A. Burt, Adam S. Butterworth, Mark J. Caulfield, Giancarlo Cesana, John C. Chambers, Daniel I. Chasman, Yii-der Ida Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y. Chu, Francis S. Collins, James P. Cook, Amanda J. Cox, David S. Crosslin, John Danesh, Paul I. W. De Bakker, Simon De Denus, Renée De Mutsert, George Dedoussis, Ellen W. Demerath, Joe G. Dennis, Josh C. Denny, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Marcus Dörr, Fotios Drenos, Marie-pierre Dubé, Alison M. Dunning, Douglas F. Easton, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-eleni Farmaki, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C. Florez, Myriam Fornage, Caroline S. Fox, Paul W. Franks, Nele Friedrich, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Giorgia Girotto, Mathias Gorski, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Megan L. Grove, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Torben Hansen, Andrew T. Hattersley, Caroline Hayward, Iris M. Heid, Oddgeir L. Holmen, G. Kees Hovingh, Joanna M. M. Howson, Yao Hu, Yi-jen Hung, Kristian Hveem, M. Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U. Jackson, Gail P. Jarvik, Yucheng Jia, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Johanne M. Justesen, Bratati Kahali, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L. R. Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Frank Kee, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S. Kooner, Peter Kovacs, Bernhard K. Krämer, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A. Lakka, David Lamparter, Leslie A. Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B. Larson, Nanette R. Lee, Wen-jane Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E. Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-gao, Li-an Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-ti Liu, Dajiang J. Liu, Jian’an Luan, Leo-pekka Lyytikäinen, Stuart Macgregor, Reedik Mägi, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Jonathan Marten, Nicholas G. D. Masca, Mark I. Mccarthy, Karina Meidtner, Evelin Mihailov, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Dennis O. Mook-kanamori, Anna Morgan, Andrew P. Morris, Martina Müller-nurasyid, Patricia B. Munroe, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P. Nelson, Matt Neville, Ioanna Ntalla, Jeffrey R. O’connell, Katharine R. Owen, Oluf Pedersen, Gina M. Peloso, Craig E. Pennell, Markus Perola, James A. Perry, John R. B. Perry, Tune H. Pers, Ailith Ewing, Ozren Polasek, Olli T. Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Chelsea K. Raulerson, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F. Reilly, Alex P. Reiner, Paul M. Ridker, Manuel A. Rivas, Neil R. Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Igor Rudan, Katherine S. Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J. Samani, Pamela J. Schreiner, Matthias B. Schulze, Robert A. Scott, Marcelo Segura-lepe, Xueling Sim, Andrew J. Slater, Kerrin S. Small, Blair H. Smith, Jennifer A. Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D. Spector, Elizabeth K. Speliotes, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E. Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M. Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Karin M. A. Swart, Jean-claude Tardif, Kent D. Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J. Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H. Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Mina Torres, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G. Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Cornelia M. Van Duijn, Mauno Vanhala, Rohit Varma, Sita H. Vermeulen, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F. Vogt, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E. Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A. Wang, Shuai Wang, Nicholas J. Wareham, Helen R. Warren, Dawn M. Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D. White, Cristen J. Willer, James G. Wilson, Andrew R. Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Laura M. Yerges-armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, He Zheng, Wei Zhou, M. Carola Zillikens, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B. Borecki, J. Andrew Pospisilik, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M. Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Karen L. Mohlke, Jerome I. Rotter, Zoltán Kutalik, Joel N. Hirschhorn, L. Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J. F. Loos, Kari E. North*, Cecilia M. Lindgren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Body-fat distribution is a risk factor for adverse cardiovascular health consequences. We analyzed the association of body-fat distribution, assessed by waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index, with 228,985 predicted coding and splice site variants available on exome arrays in up to 344,369 individuals from five major ancestries (discovery) and 132,177 European-ancestry individuals (validation). We identified 15 common (minor allele frequency, MAF ≥5%) and nine low-frequency or rare (MAF
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-469
JournalNature Genetics
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Body Fat Distribution/methods
  • Body Mass Index
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Drosophila/genetics
  • Exome/genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency/genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics
  • Genetic Variation/genetics
  • Genome-Wide Association Study/methods
  • Homeostasis/genetics
  • Humans
  • Lipids/genetics
  • Male
  • Proteins/genetics
  • Risk Factors
  • Waist-Hip Ratio/methods
  • ABDOMINAL ADIPOSITY
  • KINASE 7
  • RS11209026 POLYMORPHISM
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • ADIPOCYTE DIFFERENTIATION
  • ADIPOSE-TISSUE
  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
  • TYPE-2 DIABETES SUSCEPTIBILITY
  • WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE
  • RECEPTOR ALK7

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