Psychological distress and lower health-related quality of life are associated with need for dietary support among colorectal cancer survivors with overweight or obesity

D. Ramp, F. Mols*, N. Ezendam, S. Beijer, M. Bours, Renate Winkels, J. de Vries, J.C. Seidell, E. Kampman, M. Hoedjes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective.
Two-third of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors are overweight or obese. Psychological distress and low health-related quality of life (HRQoL) may be barriers to improving diet. We aimed to assess associations between psychological distress and HRQoL and the need for dietary support in CRC survivors with overweight or obesity.

Methods.
All alive individuals diagnosed with CRC between 2000 and 2009, as registered by the Dutch population-based Eindhoven Cancer Registry, were eligible for participation and received a questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess associations between HRQoL (EORTC QLQ-C30), symptoms of anxiety and depression (HADS), and self-reported need for dietary support (single-item).

Results.
A total of 1458 completed the questionnaire (response rate 82%), and 756 (43%) had a BMI of 25.0 or higher and complete data on “need for dietary support” and were included for analyses. BMI ranged between 25.0 and 60.6 (mean, 28.9; SD, 3.6). The majority (71.7%) was overweight (BMI ≥ 25), and 28.3% obese (BMI ≥ 30). Twenty-one percent reported a need for dietary support which was associated with more psychological distress and lower HRQoL. Those who experienced symptoms of anxiety or depression were more likely to report a need for dietary support (27.6% and 28.7%) than those who did not experience symptoms of anxiety (12.3%; OR 2.02; 95% CI 1.22–3.35) or depression (13.5%; OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.19–3.22).

Conclusions.
Results suggest that psychological distress and lower HRQoL should be taken into account while promoting a healthy diet in overweight or obese CRC survivors since these factors may hinder adherence to a healthy diet.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7659-7668
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • CLINICAL-TRIALS
  • COMORBIDITY
  • Colorectal cancer
  • DEPRESSION
  • Dietary support
  • Health-related quality of life
  • INITIAL TREATMENT
  • LONG-TERM EVALUATION
  • METAANALYSIS
  • OUTCOMES
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY GUIDELINES
  • Psychological distress
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • WEIGHT-LOSS

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