Psychological factors and subjective cognitive complaints after stroke: Beyond depression and anxiety

M.W.A. van Rijsbergen, R.E. Mark, W.J. Kop, P.L.M. Kort, M.M. Sitskoorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Subjective Cognitive Complaints (SCC) are common after stroke and adversely affect quality of life. In the present study, we determined the associations of depression, anxiety, perceived stress and fatigue with post-stroke SCC, and whether these associations were independent of objective cognitive functioning, stroke characteristics and individual differences in personality traits and coping styles. Using a cross-sectional design, SCC and psychological measures were obtained in 208 patients (mean 3.3 ± 0.5 months after stroke; 65.9% men; mean age 64.9 ± 12.4 years). SCC were assessed using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequences following stroke (CLCE) inventory. Validated questionnaires were used to measure depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale), personality traits (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Short Scale) and coping style (Utrecht Coping List). Multivariate hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to adjust for covariates. Depression (β = 0.35), anxiety (β = 0.38), perceived stress (β = 0.39), and fatigue (β = 0.39) were associated with CLCE scores, independent of demographic, cognitive performance and stroke-related covariates. After including personality traits and coping styles in the model, independent associations with CLCE scores were found for fatigue (β = 0.26, p = .003) and neuroticism (β = 0.21, p = .05). Interventions aimed at improving psychological resilience and increasing energy levels might be a worthwhile addition to stroke rehabilitation programmes by reducing SCC and improving quality of life.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-14
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 4 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Depression
Personality Assessment
Checklist
Individuality
Psychological
Complaints
Anxiety
Linear Models
Equipment and Supplies
Fatigue
Personality Traits
Surveys and Questionnaires
Quality of Life
Questionnaire

Keywords

  • Stroke, Subjective cognitive complaints, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Neuroticism

Cite this

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title = "Psychological factors and subjective cognitive complaints after stroke: Beyond depression and anxiety",
abstract = "Subjective Cognitive Complaints (SCC) are common after stroke and adversely affect quality of life. In the present study, we determined the associations of depression, anxiety, perceived stress and fatigue with post-stroke SCC, and whether these associations were independent of objective cognitive functioning, stroke characteristics and individual differences in personality traits and coping styles. Using a cross-sectional design, SCC and psychological measures were obtained in 208 patients (mean 3.3 ± 0.5 months after stroke; 65.9{\%} men; mean age 64.9 ± 12.4 years). SCC were assessed using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequences following stroke (CLCE) inventory. Validated questionnaires were used to measure depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale), personality traits (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Short Scale) and coping style (Utrecht Coping List). Multivariate hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to adjust for covariates. Depression (β = 0.35), anxiety (β = 0.38), perceived stress (β = 0.39), and fatigue (β = 0.39) were associated with CLCE scores, independent of demographic, cognitive performance and stroke-related covariates. After including personality traits and coping styles in the model, independent associations with CLCE scores were found for fatigue (β = 0.26, p = .003) and neuroticism (β = 0.21, p = .05). Interventions aimed at improving psychological resilience and increasing energy levels might be a worthwhile addition to stroke rehabilitation programmes by reducing SCC and improving quality of life.",
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Psychological factors and subjective cognitive complaints after stroke : Beyond depression and anxiety. / van Rijsbergen, M.W.A.; Mark, R.E.; Kop, W.J.; Kort, P.L.M.; Sitskoorn, M.M.

In: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 04.03.2018, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological factors and subjective cognitive complaints after stroke

T2 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

AU - van Rijsbergen,M.W.A.

AU - Mark,R.E.

AU - Kop,W.J.

AU - Kort,P.L.M.

AU - Sitskoorn,M.M.

PY - 2018/3/4

Y1 - 2018/3/4

N2 - Subjective Cognitive Complaints (SCC) are common after stroke and adversely affect quality of life. In the present study, we determined the associations of depression, anxiety, perceived stress and fatigue with post-stroke SCC, and whether these associations were independent of objective cognitive functioning, stroke characteristics and individual differences in personality traits and coping styles. Using a cross-sectional design, SCC and psychological measures were obtained in 208 patients (mean 3.3 ± 0.5 months after stroke; 65.9% men; mean age 64.9 ± 12.4 years). SCC were assessed using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequences following stroke (CLCE) inventory. Validated questionnaires were used to measure depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale), personality traits (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Short Scale) and coping style (Utrecht Coping List). Multivariate hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to adjust for covariates. Depression (β = 0.35), anxiety (β = 0.38), perceived stress (β = 0.39), and fatigue (β = 0.39) were associated with CLCE scores, independent of demographic, cognitive performance and stroke-related covariates. After including personality traits and coping styles in the model, independent associations with CLCE scores were found for fatigue (β = 0.26, p = .003) and neuroticism (β = 0.21, p = .05). Interventions aimed at improving psychological resilience and increasing energy levels might be a worthwhile addition to stroke rehabilitation programmes by reducing SCC and improving quality of life.

AB - Subjective Cognitive Complaints (SCC) are common after stroke and adversely affect quality of life. In the present study, we determined the associations of depression, anxiety, perceived stress and fatigue with post-stroke SCC, and whether these associations were independent of objective cognitive functioning, stroke characteristics and individual differences in personality traits and coping styles. Using a cross-sectional design, SCC and psychological measures were obtained in 208 patients (mean 3.3 ± 0.5 months after stroke; 65.9% men; mean age 64.9 ± 12.4 years). SCC were assessed using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequences following stroke (CLCE) inventory. Validated questionnaires were used to measure depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), fatigue (Fatigue Assessment Scale), personality traits (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Short Scale) and coping style (Utrecht Coping List). Multivariate hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to adjust for covariates. Depression (β = 0.35), anxiety (β = 0.38), perceived stress (β = 0.39), and fatigue (β = 0.39) were associated with CLCE scores, independent of demographic, cognitive performance and stroke-related covariates. After including personality traits and coping styles in the model, independent associations with CLCE scores were found for fatigue (β = 0.26, p = .003) and neuroticism (β = 0.21, p = .05). Interventions aimed at improving psychological resilience and increasing energy levels might be a worthwhile addition to stroke rehabilitation programmes by reducing SCC and improving quality of life.

KW - Stroke, Subjective cognitive complaints, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Neuroticism

U2 - 10.1080/09602011.2018.1441720

DO - 10.1080/09602011.2018.1441720

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

JF - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

SN - 0960-2011

ER -