Psychometric properties of the exercise self-efficacy scale in Dutch primary care patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

M.M.P. van der Heijden, F. Pouwer, V.J.M. Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Excercise self-efficacy is believed to influence physical activity bahavior.
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to assess the psychometric aspects of the Exercise Self-efficacy Scale (ESS) in a type 2 diabetes Dutch Primary care sample.
Method
Type 2 diabetes patients (n = 322; <80 years old) filled in the ESS and the short questionnaire to assess health enhancing physical activity (SQUASH). The structural validity of the ESS was assessed by means of principal axis factor analyses and confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, reliability and concurrent validity with the SQUASH outcomes “total” and “leisure time minutes/week of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity” were evaluated. T tests and ANOVAs were used to examine ESS scores in subgroups. In addition, a 13-item version of the ESS was developed.
Results
Analyses were performed on complete cases (n = 255). Exploratory factor analysis suggested one underlying factor (total explained variance 54 %), with good internal consistency (α = 0.95). Confirmatory factor analysis showed a poor fit, as did a three-factor model suggested in an earlier research. Therefore, a 13-item ESS was developed with one underlying factor (total explained variance 59 %) and good internal consistency (α = 0.95). Both the 18-item and 13-item ESS correlated significantly with total and leisure time physical activity. ESS scores differed significantly between categories of education level and physical activity level.
Conclusion
The 13-item ESS had sound psychometric properties in a large sample of primary care type 2 diabetes patients. The 13-item ESS could be useful in (intervention) research on physical activity in type 2 diabetes patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-401
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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