Psychosocial determinants of lifestyle change after a cancer diagnosis: A systematic review of the literature

Meeke Hoedjes*, Inge Nijman, Chris Hinnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to provide a systematic overview of the scientific literature on sociodemographic, psychological and social determinants that may facilitate or hamper lifestyle change after the diagnosis cancer. Four databases (PubMed, PsychINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Web of Science) were searched for relevant papers up to October 2021. Of the 9586 references yielded by the literature search, 123 papers were included: 71 quantitative and 52 qualitative papers. Findings showed a large variety of determinants influencing lifestyle change after cancer diagnosis, with differences between lifestyle behaviors (physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol, sun protection, and multiple lifestyle behaviors) and findings from quantitative vs. qualitative studies. Findings demonstrate the important role of oncology healthcare professionals in promoting healthy lifestyle changes in cancer survivors. In addition, findings inform researchers involved in the development of health promotion programs about the methods and strategies they can use to promote healthy lifestyle changes in cancer survivors. Favorable lifestyle changes are expected to have beneficial effects on cancer risk and overall health in cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2026
Number of pages41
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • ACTIVITY MAINTENANCE
  • ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • DIETARY CHANGE
  • EXERCISE INTERVENTION
  • HEALTH BEHAVIOR-CHANGE
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY PARTICIPATION
  • SMOKING-CESSATION
  • SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY
  • barriers
  • cancer survivors
  • determinants
  • facilitators
  • lifestyle change
  • psychological
  • psychosocial
  • social
  • systematic review

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