Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention

E.C. Coppens, C. van Audenhove, G. Scheerder, E. Arensman, C. Coffey, S. Costa, N. Koburger, K. Gottlebe, R. Gusmão, R. O'Connor, V. Postuvan, M. Sarchiapone, M. Sisask, A. Székely, C.M. van der Feltz-Cornelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Stigmatizing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking are important barriers for people with mental health problems to obtain adequate professional help. This study aimed to examine: (1) population attitudes toward depression and toward seeking professional help in four European countries; (2) the relation between depression stigma and attitudes toward help-seeking; (3) the relation between both attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics; and (4) differences in attitudes across countries.
Methods
A representative general population survey (n=4011) was conducted in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, and Portugal, assessing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking, and a number of socio-demographic variables.
Results
Respondents showed a moderate degree of personal stigma toward depression and a strikingly higher degree of perceived stigma. Although a substantial majority showed openness to seek professional help, only half of the people perceived professional help as valuable. More negative attitudes were found in Hungary and were associated with male gender, older age, lower educational level and living alone. Also, personal stigma was related to less openness to and less perceived value of professional treatment.
Limitations
The survey was cross-sectional, so no causal inferences could be drawn.
Conclusions
Personal and perceived stigma toward depression deserves public health attention, since they impact upon the intention of people with depression to seek professional help. Public media campaigns should focus on the credibility of the mental health care sector, and target males, older people, and those with a lower educational level and living alone. The content of each campaign should be adapted to the cultural norms of the country for which it is intended.
Keywords: Depression, Public attitudes, Help-seeking, Mental health literacy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-329
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume150
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Depression
Mental Health
Hungary
Health Care Sector
Surveys and Questionnaires
Ireland
Germany
Cross-Sectional Studies

Cite this

Coppens, E.C. ; van Audenhove, C. ; Scheerder, G. ; Arensman, E. ; Coffey, C. ; Costa, S. ; Koburger, N. ; Gottlebe, K. ; Gusmão, R. ; O'Connor, R. ; Postuvan, V. ; Sarchiapone, M. ; Sisask, M. ; Székely, A. ; van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M. / Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2013 ; Vol. 150, No. 2. pp. 320-329.
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title = "Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention",
abstract = "BackgroundStigmatizing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking are important barriers for people with mental health problems to obtain adequate professional help. This study aimed to examine: (1) population attitudes toward depression and toward seeking professional help in four European countries; (2) the relation between depression stigma and attitudes toward help-seeking; (3) the relation between both attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics; and (4) differences in attitudes across countries.MethodsA representative general population survey (n=4011) was conducted in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, and Portugal, assessing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking, and a number of socio-demographic variables.ResultsRespondents showed a moderate degree of personal stigma toward depression and a strikingly higher degree of perceived stigma. Although a substantial majority showed openness to seek professional help, only half of the people perceived professional help as valuable. More negative attitudes were found in Hungary and were associated with male gender, older age, lower educational level and living alone. Also, personal stigma was related to less openness to and less perceived value of professional treatment.LimitationsThe survey was cross-sectional, so no causal inferences could be drawn.ConclusionsPersonal and perceived stigma toward depression deserves public health attention, since they impact upon the intention of people with depression to seek professional help. Public media campaigns should focus on the credibility of the mental health care sector, and target males, older people, and those with a lower educational level and living alone. The content of each campaign should be adapted to the cultural norms of the country for which it is intended.Keywords: Depression, Public attitudes, Help-seeking, Mental health literacy",
author = "E.C. Coppens and {van Audenhove}, C. and G. Scheerder and E. Arensman and C. Coffey and S. Costa and N. Koburger and K. Gottlebe and R. Gusm{\~a}o and R. O'Connor and V. Postuvan and M. Sarchiapone and M. Sisask and A. Sz{\'e}kely and {van der Feltz-Cornelis}, C.M.",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.013",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "320--329",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
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Coppens, EC, van Audenhove, C, Scheerder, G, Arensman, E, Coffey, C, Costa, S, Koburger, N, Gottlebe, K, Gusmão, R, O'Connor, R, Postuvan, V, Sarchiapone, M, Sisask, M, Székely, A & van der Feltz-Cornelis, CM 2013, 'Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 320-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.013

Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention. / Coppens, E.C.; van Audenhove, C.; Scheerder, G.; Arensman, E.; Coffey, C.; Costa, S.; Koburger, N.; Gottlebe, K.; Gusmão, R.; O'Connor, R.; Postuvan, V.; Sarchiapone, M.; Sisask, M.; Székely, A.; van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 150, No. 2, 2013, p. 320-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking in four European countries baseline survey prior to the OSPI-Europe intervention

AU - Coppens, E.C.

AU - van Audenhove, C.

AU - Scheerder, G.

AU - Arensman, E.

AU - Coffey, C.

AU - Costa, S.

AU - Koburger, N.

AU - Gottlebe, K.

AU - Gusmão, R.

AU - O'Connor, R.

AU - Postuvan, V.

AU - Sarchiapone, M.

AU - Sisask, M.

AU - Székely, A.

AU - van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - BackgroundStigmatizing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking are important barriers for people with mental health problems to obtain adequate professional help. This study aimed to examine: (1) population attitudes toward depression and toward seeking professional help in four European countries; (2) the relation between depression stigma and attitudes toward help-seeking; (3) the relation between both attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics; and (4) differences in attitudes across countries.MethodsA representative general population survey (n=4011) was conducted in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, and Portugal, assessing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking, and a number of socio-demographic variables.ResultsRespondents showed a moderate degree of personal stigma toward depression and a strikingly higher degree of perceived stigma. Although a substantial majority showed openness to seek professional help, only half of the people perceived professional help as valuable. More negative attitudes were found in Hungary and were associated with male gender, older age, lower educational level and living alone. Also, personal stigma was related to less openness to and less perceived value of professional treatment.LimitationsThe survey was cross-sectional, so no causal inferences could be drawn.ConclusionsPersonal and perceived stigma toward depression deserves public health attention, since they impact upon the intention of people with depression to seek professional help. Public media campaigns should focus on the credibility of the mental health care sector, and target males, older people, and those with a lower educational level and living alone. The content of each campaign should be adapted to the cultural norms of the country for which it is intended.Keywords: Depression, Public attitudes, Help-seeking, Mental health literacy

AB - BackgroundStigmatizing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking are important barriers for people with mental health problems to obtain adequate professional help. This study aimed to examine: (1) population attitudes toward depression and toward seeking professional help in four European countries; (2) the relation between depression stigma and attitudes toward help-seeking; (3) the relation between both attitudes and socio-demographic characteristics; and (4) differences in attitudes across countries.MethodsA representative general population survey (n=4011) was conducted in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, and Portugal, assessing attitudes toward depression and toward help-seeking, and a number of socio-demographic variables.ResultsRespondents showed a moderate degree of personal stigma toward depression and a strikingly higher degree of perceived stigma. Although a substantial majority showed openness to seek professional help, only half of the people perceived professional help as valuable. More negative attitudes were found in Hungary and were associated with male gender, older age, lower educational level and living alone. Also, personal stigma was related to less openness to and less perceived value of professional treatment.LimitationsThe survey was cross-sectional, so no causal inferences could be drawn.ConclusionsPersonal and perceived stigma toward depression deserves public health attention, since they impact upon the intention of people with depression to seek professional help. Public media campaigns should focus on the credibility of the mental health care sector, and target males, older people, and those with a lower educational level and living alone. The content of each campaign should be adapted to the cultural norms of the country for which it is intended.Keywords: Depression, Public attitudes, Help-seeking, Mental health literacy

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.013

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.013

M3 - Article

VL - 150

SP - 320

EP - 329

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

IS - 2

ER -