Readiness and expectations questionnaire: A cross-cultural measurement instrument for first-year university students

E. Jansen, S.C.H. André, C. Suhre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The readiness and expectations questionnaire (REQ) assesses first-year students’ expectations and preparedness for their first year in university. This measurement instrument is useful for educational policy and curriculum development; it can also be used to predict the outcomes of the first year of college. This instrument was initially developed to compare students enrolled in programs in the Netherlands and New Zealand, with predominant populations of domestic students. However, the Bologna process and globalisation trends also have increased the availability of international degree programmes. This raised the question whether the REQ can be used to compare groups of international students. Therefore, this article aims to assess the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the REQ in international bachelor degree programmes in economics and business in a Dutch university, taught in English. The results indicate that not all aspects of the instrument achieve measurement equivalence, but most of its scales, with some adaptations, can evaluate students’ expectations and preparedness and thus encourage a better match between student and institution.
Keywords: Expectations, First-year students, Cross-cultural, Measurement equivalence, International students, Cross-national research
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-130
JournalEducational Assessment Evaluation and Accountability
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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measurement method
questionnaire
university
equivalence
student
first-year student
Bologna Process
curriculum development
bachelor
educational policy
Readiness
Questionnaire
New Zealand
Netherlands
globalization
trend
economics
Measurement equivalence
Group

Cite this

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abstract = "The readiness and expectations questionnaire (REQ) assesses first-year students’ expectations and preparedness for their first year in university. This measurement instrument is useful for educational policy and curriculum development; it can also be used to predict the outcomes of the first year of college. This instrument was initially developed to compare students enrolled in programs in the Netherlands and New Zealand, with predominant populations of domestic students. However, the Bologna process and globalisation trends also have increased the availability of international degree programmes. This raised the question whether the REQ can be used to compare groups of international students. Therefore, this article aims to assess the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the REQ in international bachelor degree programmes in economics and business in a Dutch university, taught in English. The results indicate that not all aspects of the instrument achieve measurement equivalence, but most of its scales, with some adaptations, can evaluate students’ expectations and preparedness and thus encourage a better match between student and institution.Keywords: Expectations, First-year students, Cross-cultural, Measurement equivalence, International students, Cross-national research",
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Readiness and expectations questionnaire : A cross-cultural measurement instrument for first-year university students. / Jansen, E.; André, S.C.H.; Suhre, C.

In: Educational Assessment Evaluation and Accountability, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2013, p. 115-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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N2 - The readiness and expectations questionnaire (REQ) assesses first-year students’ expectations and preparedness for their first year in university. This measurement instrument is useful for educational policy and curriculum development; it can also be used to predict the outcomes of the first year of college. This instrument was initially developed to compare students enrolled in programs in the Netherlands and New Zealand, with predominant populations of domestic students. However, the Bologna process and globalisation trends also have increased the availability of international degree programmes. This raised the question whether the REQ can be used to compare groups of international students. Therefore, this article aims to assess the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the REQ in international bachelor degree programmes in economics and business in a Dutch university, taught in English. The results indicate that not all aspects of the instrument achieve measurement equivalence, but most of its scales, with some adaptations, can evaluate students’ expectations and preparedness and thus encourage a better match between student and institution.Keywords: Expectations, First-year students, Cross-cultural, Measurement equivalence, International students, Cross-national research

AB - The readiness and expectations questionnaire (REQ) assesses first-year students’ expectations and preparedness for their first year in university. This measurement instrument is useful for educational policy and curriculum development; it can also be used to predict the outcomes of the first year of college. This instrument was initially developed to compare students enrolled in programs in the Netherlands and New Zealand, with predominant populations of domestic students. However, the Bologna process and globalisation trends also have increased the availability of international degree programmes. This raised the question whether the REQ can be used to compare groups of international students. Therefore, this article aims to assess the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the REQ in international bachelor degree programmes in economics and business in a Dutch university, taught in English. The results indicate that not all aspects of the instrument achieve measurement equivalence, but most of its scales, with some adaptations, can evaluate students’ expectations and preparedness and thus encourage a better match between student and institution.Keywords: Expectations, First-year students, Cross-cultural, Measurement equivalence, International students, Cross-national research

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