Rebalancing for Long-Term Investors

Joost Driessen, I.T.J. Kuiper

Research output: Working paperOther research output


In this study we show that the rebalance frequency of a multi-asset portfolio has only limited impact on the utility of a long-term passive investor. Although continuous rebalancing is optimal, the loss of a suboptimal strategy corresponds to up to only 30 basis points of the initial wealth of the investor, assuming market returns are unpredictable and transaction costs can be ignored. Our results suggest that reducing transaction costs clearly outweighs the benefit of frequent rebalancing. When we study a setting where asset returns are predictable, we find that a long-term investor that ignores this predictability underestimates the benefit of less frequent rebalancing. In this setting, limiting the frequency to at least once every quarter results in significant higher utility, even without transaction costs.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameNetspar Discussion Paper


  • rebalancing
  • multi-asset
  • long term
  • passive


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