Reconviction and revocation rates in Flanders after medium security treatment

I. Jeandarme, P. Habets, T.I. Oei, S. Bogaerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Aim
To examine the criminal outcome of Flemish forensic psychiatric patients (‘internees’) after medium security treatment. Also, the effect of conditional release on recidivism of two subgroups (internees under conditional release and internees who received unconditional release) was examined.
Method
Reconviction rates and revocation rates were collected for all participants. Kaplan–Meier survival analyses were used to investigate recidivism rates while controlling for time at risk.
Results
During the 10-year period, 502 offenders were discharged from medium security treatment. Over a follow-up period averaging 3.6 years, 7.4% of discharged patients were reconvicted or received a new ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’ (NGRI) verdict for a violent offence. One-quarter of the population had their conditional release revoked. Part of the study population was granted unconditional release. Reconviction rates were higher after unconditional release in comparison to conditional release.
Conclusions
The results of this study suggest that the court supervision of NGRI patients in Flanders is effective in protecting the community from further offending.
Keywords
Recidivism, Conditional release, Forensic psychiatric patients, Mental health supervision, Medium security treatment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Mental Health
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time

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@article{5d4346fac75f4be6b6681a991a37e97d,
title = "Reconviction and revocation rates in Flanders after medium security treatment",
abstract = "AimTo examine the criminal outcome of Flemish forensic psychiatric patients (‘internees’) after medium security treatment. Also, the effect of conditional release on recidivism of two subgroups (internees under conditional release and internees who received unconditional release) was examined.MethodReconviction rates and revocation rates were collected for all participants. Kaplan–Meier survival analyses were used to investigate recidivism rates while controlling for time at risk.ResultsDuring the 10-year period, 502 offenders were discharged from medium security treatment. Over a follow-up period averaging 3.6 years, 7.4{\%} of discharged patients were reconvicted or received a new ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’ (NGRI) verdict for a violent offence. One-quarter of the population had their conditional release revoked. Part of the study population was granted unconditional release. Reconviction rates were higher after unconditional release in comparison to conditional release.ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that the court supervision of NGRI patients in Flanders is effective in protecting the community from further offending.KeywordsRecidivism, Conditional release, Forensic psychiatric patients, Mental health supervision, Medium security treatment",
author = "I. Jeandarme and P. Habets and T.I. Oei and S. Bogaerts",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.02.033",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "45--52",
journal = "International Journal of Law and Psychiatry",
issn = "0160-2527",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

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Reconviction and revocation rates in Flanders after medium security treatment. / Jeandarme, I.; Habets, P.; Oei, T.I.; Bogaerts, S.

In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 47, 2016, p. 45-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconviction and revocation rates in Flanders after medium security treatment

AU - Jeandarme, I.

AU - Habets, P.

AU - Oei, T.I.

AU - Bogaerts, S.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - AimTo examine the criminal outcome of Flemish forensic psychiatric patients (‘internees’) after medium security treatment. Also, the effect of conditional release on recidivism of two subgroups (internees under conditional release and internees who received unconditional release) was examined.MethodReconviction rates and revocation rates were collected for all participants. Kaplan–Meier survival analyses were used to investigate recidivism rates while controlling for time at risk.ResultsDuring the 10-year period, 502 offenders were discharged from medium security treatment. Over a follow-up period averaging 3.6 years, 7.4% of discharged patients were reconvicted or received a new ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’ (NGRI) verdict for a violent offence. One-quarter of the population had their conditional release revoked. Part of the study population was granted unconditional release. Reconviction rates were higher after unconditional release in comparison to conditional release.ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that the court supervision of NGRI patients in Flanders is effective in protecting the community from further offending.KeywordsRecidivism, Conditional release, Forensic psychiatric patients, Mental health supervision, Medium security treatment

AB - AimTo examine the criminal outcome of Flemish forensic psychiatric patients (‘internees’) after medium security treatment. Also, the effect of conditional release on recidivism of two subgroups (internees under conditional release and internees who received unconditional release) was examined.MethodReconviction rates and revocation rates were collected for all participants. Kaplan–Meier survival analyses were used to investigate recidivism rates while controlling for time at risk.ResultsDuring the 10-year period, 502 offenders were discharged from medium security treatment. Over a follow-up period averaging 3.6 years, 7.4% of discharged patients were reconvicted or received a new ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’ (NGRI) verdict for a violent offence. One-quarter of the population had their conditional release revoked. Part of the study population was granted unconditional release. Reconviction rates were higher after unconditional release in comparison to conditional release.ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that the court supervision of NGRI patients in Flanders is effective in protecting the community from further offending.KeywordsRecidivism, Conditional release, Forensic psychiatric patients, Mental health supervision, Medium security treatment

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DO - 10.1016/j.ijlp.2016.02.033

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JO - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

JF - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

SN - 0160-2527

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