Reducing burnout among nurses: The role of high-involvement work practices and colleague support

Steven Kilroy, Janine Bosak, Denis Chênevert, Patrick Flood, Kevin Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background:
The impact of human resource practices on nurses' well-being, the underlying mechanisms involved, and the contextual factors that enhance or impede their success are not fully clear.

Purpose:
The aim of this article was to examine a moderated mediation model whereby high-involvement work practices are purported to reduce nurses' burnout via psychological empowerment, and colleague support is expected to moderate the mediating role of psychological empowerment in the high-involvement work practices-burnout link.

Methodology/approach:
Structural equation modeling was employed on cross-sectional survey data collected from a large sample of nurses in Canada (N = 2,174).

Results:
The findings revealed that psychological empowerment partially mediated the association between high-involvement work practices and burnout, whereas colleague support was directly associated with lower burnout rather than exerting a moderating effect.

Conclusion:
The study identifies the universality of high-involvement work practices in alleviating nurses' burnout and highlights the important role of psychological empowerment as an explanatory variable. In addition, colleague support is an important yet independent predictor of nurses' burnout.

Practical implications:
This study identifies a strategy that can be adopted by hospital managers to help protect against nurse burnout while offering insights into the underlying process involved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Care Management Review
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

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