Refinement and validation of a comprehensive scale for measuring HR practices aimed at performance-enhancement and employee-support

Esther Villajos, Núria Tordera*, Jose Maria Peiró, Marc van Veldhoven

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to refine and validate a Human Resource practices (HRP) scale to measure employees' perceptions and test a two-tier model structured in eight practices and two bundles. In a sample of 554 employees, an EFA (Exploratory Factor Analysis) offered six factors that explained about 70% of the variance. Then, with 1647 employees (from 41 Spanish organizations), first- and second-order models were tested with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The former encompasses eight practices. The latter grouped the practices in two bundles, one on enhancing performance and the other on supporting employees. The Cronbach's alpha, Rho coefficient (Composite Reliability Coefficient), Omega coefficient, and Spearman-Brown split half coefficient showed good reliability. Validity evidence was found for construct, criterion, convergent, content, discriminant, and predictive validity. Moreover, the paper integrates different ways of approaching the study of HR management based on employees' perceptions, using a two-tier approach. The two-bundle model showed better fit, pointing out the importance of paying attention to multiple outcomes for employees and organizations. The study makes a relevant theoretical contribution about the role and aims of HRM practices for organizational success and employees' performance and well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-397
JournalEuropean Management Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • HRM assessment
  • Human Resource Practices
  • Reliability
  • Scale validation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Refinement and validation of a comprehensive scale for measuring HR practices aimed at performance-enhancement and employee-support'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this