Reflective Journaling: A Theoretical Model and Digital Prototype for Developing Resilience and Creativity

Ana Rivera, Alwin de Rooij, Sara Jones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Reflection is commonly discussed as a tool for personal and professional development that is becoming increasingly important in today’s global and digital world. In this paper, we propose a model that suggests ways in which reflection, in the form of Reflective Journaling, can support the development of creativity and resilience, which are needed to enable individuals to function effectively in a fast-changing environment. In addition, the model proposes ways in which external support and progress monitoring can be used in conjunction with skills in adaptive resilience and structured creativity, to support the maintenance of reflective journaling as a habit, in the longer term, thus creating virtuous cycles of skills and behaviours that can reinforce each other. Based on our model, and additional user research, we describe the design of a first digital prototype that aims to support the use of Reflective Journaling and to develop creativity and resilience through suggested mechanisms. Initial evaluations of our prototype are positive. It has been well-received by early test users, and has the potential to address all the connections defined. We therefore suggest that the theoretical model can be used to develop digital tools, such as the one included, to help those who wish to develop the habit of reflective journaling, and through that a range of other skills associated with resilience and creative thinking. We see this as a starting point for investigating this potential in more depth.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLearning and Collaboration Technologies. Designing, Developing and Deploying Learning Experiences
Subtitle of host publication7th International Conference, LCT 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 19–24, 2020, Proceedings, Part I
EditorsPanayiotis Zaphiris, Andri Ioannou
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783030505134
ISBN (Print)9783030505127
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2020
EventLearning an Collaboration Technologies 2020: Designing, Developing and Deploying Learning Experiences - AC Bella Sky Hotel and Bella Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 19 Jul 202024 Jul 2020


ConferenceLearning an Collaboration Technologies 2020
Abbreviated titleLCT 2020
Internet address


  • Creativity
  • Reflective journaling
  • Creativity Support Tools


Dive into the research topics of 'Reflective Journaling: A Theoretical Model and Digital Prototype for Developing Resilience and Creativity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this