Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998)

M. O'Donnell, L.D. Nelson, Emiel Krahmer, Monique Pollmann, Juliëtte Schaafsma, Et al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (professor) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (soccer hooligans). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%-3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and -0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the professor category and those primed with the hooligan category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-294
Number of pages27
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


  • intelligence
  • priming
  • replication


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