Regulating a Game Changer: Using a Distributed Approach to Develop an Accountability Framework for Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific

Abstract

The artificial intelligence capabilities of lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWSs) will revolutionise warfare. States identified an imperative to create an accountability framework to address situations where a LAWS triggers an international crime. The advent of LAWSs necessitates that we rethink how we attribute criminal accountability and how we understand traditional legal notions used for locating accountability. If the goals of international criminal law are to be promoted, the notion of moral agency should not be redefined to include LAWSs. The accountability regime should encompass a senior political leader, a senior Department of Defense official responsible for promulgating policy on LAWSs, a weapon manufacturer, a weapon designer, a military commander and an operator. The criteria for locating accountability include whether the individual exercised authority in the circumstances over 1) the LAWS either directly or through another person, or 2) over the manner in which the LAWS was integrated with the operator.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-112
Number of pages53
JournalGeorgetown Journal of International Law
Volume50
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

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weapon
responsibility
integrated system
artificial intelligence
criminal law
warfare
international law
Military
offense
regime
leader
human being

Keywords

  • accountability, lethal autonomous weapon systems, international criminal law

Cite this

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