Regulating trade in forest-risk commodities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

There is considerable urgency in addressing the impact from the production of certain agricultural commodities on ecosystems and local communities. Forest-risk commodities (FRCs) such as cocoa, coffee, palm oil, rubber, soy, maize and beef generate negative impacts on deforestation, ecosystem destruction and human rights of the communities affected. In light of the international obligations entered into by the European Union (EU) and its Member States, this paper proposes a possible measure regulating the entry into the EU market of FRCs via due diligence requirements for traders. It subsequently assesses its compliance with international trade law obligations under Articles I:1,III:4 and XX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The paper illustrates that it is possible to design World Trade Organisation (WTO) compliant legislation addressing trade in FRCs. In assessing compatibility of the proposed measure, the paper suggests possible approaches to implement sustainability criteria for FRCs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of World Trade
Volume54
Issue number1
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

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commodity
obligation
trade law
GATT
world trade
WTO
international law
community
human rights
legislation
sustainability
Commodities
market
European Union
Obligation
Ecosystem

Cite this

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title = "Regulating trade in forest-risk commodities",
abstract = "There is considerable urgency in addressing the impact from the production of certain agricultural commodities on ecosystems and local communities. Forest-risk commodities (FRCs) such as cocoa, coffee, palm oil, rubber, soy, maize and beef generate negative impacts on deforestation, ecosystem destruction and human rights of the communities affected. In light of the international obligations entered into by the European Union (EU) and its Member States, this paper proposes a possible measure regulating the entry into the EU market of FRCs via due diligence requirements for traders. It subsequently assesses its compliance with international trade law obligations under Articles I:1,III:4 and XX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The paper illustrates that it is possible to design World Trade Organisation (WTO) compliant legislation addressing trade in FRCs. In assessing compatibility of the proposed measure, the paper suggests possible approaches to implement sustainability criteria for FRCs.",
author = "Enrico Partiti",
year = "2020",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
journal = "Journal of World Trade",
issn = "1011-6702",
publisher = "Kluwer Law International",
number = "1",

}

Regulating trade in forest-risk commodities. / Partiti, Enrico.

In: Journal of World Trade, Vol. 54, No. 1, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Regulating trade in forest-risk commodities

AU - Partiti, Enrico

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - There is considerable urgency in addressing the impact from the production of certain agricultural commodities on ecosystems and local communities. Forest-risk commodities (FRCs) such as cocoa, coffee, palm oil, rubber, soy, maize and beef generate negative impacts on deforestation, ecosystem destruction and human rights of the communities affected. In light of the international obligations entered into by the European Union (EU) and its Member States, this paper proposes a possible measure regulating the entry into the EU market of FRCs via due diligence requirements for traders. It subsequently assesses its compliance with international trade law obligations under Articles I:1,III:4 and XX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The paper illustrates that it is possible to design World Trade Organisation (WTO) compliant legislation addressing trade in FRCs. In assessing compatibility of the proposed measure, the paper suggests possible approaches to implement sustainability criteria for FRCs.

AB - There is considerable urgency in addressing the impact from the production of certain agricultural commodities on ecosystems and local communities. Forest-risk commodities (FRCs) such as cocoa, coffee, palm oil, rubber, soy, maize and beef generate negative impacts on deforestation, ecosystem destruction and human rights of the communities affected. In light of the international obligations entered into by the European Union (EU) and its Member States, this paper proposes a possible measure regulating the entry into the EU market of FRCs via due diligence requirements for traders. It subsequently assesses its compliance with international trade law obligations under Articles I:1,III:4 and XX of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The paper illustrates that it is possible to design World Trade Organisation (WTO) compliant legislation addressing trade in FRCs. In assessing compatibility of the proposed measure, the paper suggests possible approaches to implement sustainability criteria for FRCs.

M3 - Article

VL - 54

JO - Journal of World Trade

JF - Journal of World Trade

SN - 1011-6702

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