Regulators and villains: The dual role of private actors in diamonds and caviar

Dina Siegel, Antonius Spapens, Daan van Uhm*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In the past decades, private actors have become key actors in regulation and enforcement of various forms of trade. In this paper, we focus on the role of private actors in the regulation of the trade in diamonds and caviar. We examine the stages of calling for additional regulation; setting regulatory requirements; and determining and effectuating compliance mechanisms. Our analysis illustrates that private actors may play important roles in this process, but at the same time be unaware of loopholes that illegal operators may exploit, whereas others may commit crimes themselves. These dual roles reflect the various activities of private actors in different representations. We argue in this article that the increased involvement of private actors in processes of regulation may not only benefit but also constrain the effectivity, competence and meaning of such regulatory frameworks within contemporary society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCrime, Law and Social Change
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jun 2020




Dive into the research topics of 'Regulators and villains: The dual role of private actors in diamonds and caviar'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this