Research for Policy (R4P)

Development of a reflection tool for researchers to improve knowledge utilization

I. Hegger, L.K. Marks, S.W.J. Janssen, A.J. Schuit, J.F.M. Keijsers, J.A.M. Van Oers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Background
To improve knowledge utilization in policymaking, alignment between researchers and policymakers during knowledge production is essential, but difficult to maintain. In three previously reported case studies, we extensively evaluated complex research projects commissioned by policymakers to investigate how alignment is achieved in a research process and to discover ways to enhance knowledge contributions to health policy. In the present study, we investigated how the findings of these three research projects could be integrated into a practical tool for researchers to enhance their contribution to evidence-based policy.
Methods
A cross-case analysis was conducted to integrate the findings of the evaluation of the three research projects and to identify important alignment areas in these projects. By means of an iterative process, we prepared a tool that includes reflection questions for researchers. The “Research for Policy” tool was tested with input from the project managers of three new research projects. Based on the findings, the final version of the Research for Policy tool was prepared.
Results
By cross-case analysis of the three case studies, the following important alignment areas were identified: the goal, quality, relevance, timing, and presentation of research, the tasks and authorities of actors, the consultative structure and vertical alignment within organizations, and the organizational environment.
The project managers regarded the Research for Policy tool as a useful checklist for addressing the important alignment areas in a research project. Based on their feedback, the illustrative examples from the case studies were added to the reflection questions. The project managers suggested making the tool accessible not only to researchers but also to policymakers. The format of the Research for Policy tool was further adjusted to users’ needs by adding clickable links.
Conclusions
Alignment between research and policymaking requires continuous efforts and a clear understanding of process issues in the research project. The Research for Policy tool offers practical alignment guidance and facilitates reflection on process issues, which supports researchers in aligning with policymakers and in acting in a context-sensitive way.
Keywords
Research Policy-making, Knowledge utilization, Reflection tool, Contribution mapping, Alignment areas
Original languageEnglish
Article number133
JournalImplementation Science
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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@article{0dca4bb4ba3540248a8a3ba1f6b6e6a4,
title = "Research for Policy (R4P): Development of a reflection tool for researchers to improve knowledge utilization",
abstract = "BackgroundTo improve knowledge utilization in policymaking, alignment between researchers and policymakers during knowledge production is essential, but difficult to maintain. In three previously reported case studies, we extensively evaluated complex research projects commissioned by policymakers to investigate how alignment is achieved in a research process and to discover ways to enhance knowledge contributions to health policy. In the present study, we investigated how the findings of these three research projects could be integrated into a practical tool for researchers to enhance their contribution to evidence-based policy.MethodsA cross-case analysis was conducted to integrate the findings of the evaluation of the three research projects and to identify important alignment areas in these projects. By means of an iterative process, we prepared a tool that includes reflection questions for researchers. The “Research for Policy” tool was tested with input from the project managers of three new research projects. Based on the findings, the final version of the Research for Policy tool was prepared.ResultsBy cross-case analysis of the three case studies, the following important alignment areas were identified: the goal, quality, relevance, timing, and presentation of research, the tasks and authorities of actors, the consultative structure and vertical alignment within organizations, and the organizational environment.The project managers regarded the Research for Policy tool as a useful checklist for addressing the important alignment areas in a research project. Based on their feedback, the illustrative examples from the case studies were added to the reflection questions. The project managers suggested making the tool accessible not only to researchers but also to policymakers. The format of the Research for Policy tool was further adjusted to users’ needs by adding clickable links.ConclusionsAlignment between research and policymaking requires continuous efforts and a clear understanding of process issues in the research project. The Research for Policy tool offers practical alignment guidance and facilitates reflection on process issues, which supports researchers in aligning with policymakers and in acting in a context-sensitive way.KeywordsResearch Policy-making, Knowledge utilization, Reflection tool, Contribution mapping, Alignment areas",
author = "I. Hegger and L.K. Marks and S.W.J. Janssen and A.J. Schuit and J.F.M. Keijsers and {Van Oers}, J.A.M.",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1186/s13012-016-0496-1",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Implementation Science",
issn = "1748-5908",
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Research for Policy (R4P) : Development of a reflection tool for researchers to improve knowledge utilization. / Hegger, I.; Marks, L.K.; Janssen, S.W.J.; Schuit, A.J.; Keijsers, J.F.M.; Van Oers, J.A.M.

In: Implementation Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, 133, 01.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Research for Policy (R4P)

T2 - Development of a reflection tool for researchers to improve knowledge utilization

AU - Hegger, I.

AU - Marks, L.K.

AU - Janssen, S.W.J.

AU - Schuit, A.J.

AU - Keijsers, J.F.M.

AU - Van Oers, J.A.M.

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - BackgroundTo improve knowledge utilization in policymaking, alignment between researchers and policymakers during knowledge production is essential, but difficult to maintain. In three previously reported case studies, we extensively evaluated complex research projects commissioned by policymakers to investigate how alignment is achieved in a research process and to discover ways to enhance knowledge contributions to health policy. In the present study, we investigated how the findings of these three research projects could be integrated into a practical tool for researchers to enhance their contribution to evidence-based policy.MethodsA cross-case analysis was conducted to integrate the findings of the evaluation of the three research projects and to identify important alignment areas in these projects. By means of an iterative process, we prepared a tool that includes reflection questions for researchers. The “Research for Policy” tool was tested with input from the project managers of three new research projects. Based on the findings, the final version of the Research for Policy tool was prepared.ResultsBy cross-case analysis of the three case studies, the following important alignment areas were identified: the goal, quality, relevance, timing, and presentation of research, the tasks and authorities of actors, the consultative structure and vertical alignment within organizations, and the organizational environment.The project managers regarded the Research for Policy tool as a useful checklist for addressing the important alignment areas in a research project. Based on their feedback, the illustrative examples from the case studies were added to the reflection questions. The project managers suggested making the tool accessible not only to researchers but also to policymakers. The format of the Research for Policy tool was further adjusted to users’ needs by adding clickable links.ConclusionsAlignment between research and policymaking requires continuous efforts and a clear understanding of process issues in the research project. The Research for Policy tool offers practical alignment guidance and facilitates reflection on process issues, which supports researchers in aligning with policymakers and in acting in a context-sensitive way.KeywordsResearch Policy-making, Knowledge utilization, Reflection tool, Contribution mapping, Alignment areas

AB - BackgroundTo improve knowledge utilization in policymaking, alignment between researchers and policymakers during knowledge production is essential, but difficult to maintain. In three previously reported case studies, we extensively evaluated complex research projects commissioned by policymakers to investigate how alignment is achieved in a research process and to discover ways to enhance knowledge contributions to health policy. In the present study, we investigated how the findings of these three research projects could be integrated into a practical tool for researchers to enhance their contribution to evidence-based policy.MethodsA cross-case analysis was conducted to integrate the findings of the evaluation of the three research projects and to identify important alignment areas in these projects. By means of an iterative process, we prepared a tool that includes reflection questions for researchers. The “Research for Policy” tool was tested with input from the project managers of three new research projects. Based on the findings, the final version of the Research for Policy tool was prepared.ResultsBy cross-case analysis of the three case studies, the following important alignment areas were identified: the goal, quality, relevance, timing, and presentation of research, the tasks and authorities of actors, the consultative structure and vertical alignment within organizations, and the organizational environment.The project managers regarded the Research for Policy tool as a useful checklist for addressing the important alignment areas in a research project. Based on their feedback, the illustrative examples from the case studies were added to the reflection questions. The project managers suggested making the tool accessible not only to researchers but also to policymakers. The format of the Research for Policy tool was further adjusted to users’ needs by adding clickable links.ConclusionsAlignment between research and policymaking requires continuous efforts and a clear understanding of process issues in the research project. The Research for Policy tool offers practical alignment guidance and facilitates reflection on process issues, which supports researchers in aligning with policymakers and in acting in a context-sensitive way.KeywordsResearch Policy-making, Knowledge utilization, Reflection tool, Contribution mapping, Alignment areas

U2 - 10.1186/s13012-016-0496-1

DO - 10.1186/s13012-016-0496-1

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Implementation Science

JF - Implementation Science

SN - 1748-5908

IS - 1

M1 - 133

ER -