Response styles and personality traits: A multilevel analysis

J. He, D. Bartram, I. Inceoglu, F.J.R. van de Vijver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In two studies, we examined the shared and unique meaning of acquiescent, extreme, midpoint, and socially desirable responding in association with the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32), a forced-choice format personality measure designed to be less affected by these response styles, compared with personality inventories with Likert-type scales. Country-level response style indexes were derived from six waves of the International Social Survey Programme and from a meta-analysis of a social desirability scale. In the country-level correlational analysis, the four response styles formed a general response style (GRS) factor which was positively associated with (a) dominance (vs. submission) in interpersonal relationships, (b) competitive (vs. modest and democratic) feelings and emotions, and (c) data rational thinking. In a multilevel analysis, age showed a positive and education a negative effect on the individual-level GRS. Negative effects of country-level socioeconomic development and individualism and positive effects of competitiveness and data rational thinking on the individual-level response style were found. We conclude that country-level response styles are systematically associated with country personality measured by the OPQ32, suggesting that they can be viewed as having substantive meaning (i.e., culturally influenced response amplification vs. moderation). Implications are discussed.
Keywords: response styles, acquiescence, extremity, midpoint responding, social desirability, OPQ32, Big Five personality
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1028– 1045
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

multi-level analysis
personality traits
personality
social desirability
ISSP
socioeconomic development
individualism
competitiveness
Education
emotion
questionnaire
education
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

He, J., Bartram, D., Inceoglu, I., & van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2014). Response styles and personality traits: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(7), 1028– 1045. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114534773
He, J. ; Bartram, D. ; Inceoglu, I. ; van de Vijver, F.J.R. / Response styles and personality traits : A multilevel analysis. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2014 ; Vol. 45, No. 7. pp. 1028– 1045.
@article{ce8fdb459bf947d09844d09916beb364,
title = "Response styles and personality traits: A multilevel analysis",
abstract = "In two studies, we examined the shared and unique meaning of acquiescent, extreme, midpoint, and socially desirable responding in association with the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32), a forced-choice format personality measure designed to be less affected by these response styles, compared with personality inventories with Likert-type scales. Country-level response style indexes were derived from six waves of the International Social Survey Programme and from a meta-analysis of a social desirability scale. In the country-level correlational analysis, the four response styles formed a general response style (GRS) factor which was positively associated with (a) dominance (vs. submission) in interpersonal relationships, (b) competitive (vs. modest and democratic) feelings and emotions, and (c) data rational thinking. In a multilevel analysis, age showed a positive and education a negative effect on the individual-level GRS. Negative effects of country-level socioeconomic development and individualism and positive effects of competitiveness and data rational thinking on the individual-level response style were found. We conclude that country-level response styles are systematically associated with country personality measured by the OPQ32, suggesting that they can be viewed as having substantive meaning (i.e., culturally influenced response amplification vs. moderation). Implications are discussed.Keywords: response styles, acquiescence, extremity, midpoint responding, social desirability, OPQ32, Big Five personality",
author = "J. He and D. Bartram and I. Inceoglu and {van de Vijver}, F.J.R.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1177/0022022114534773",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "1028– 1045",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
issn = "0022-0221",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",
number = "7",

}

He, J, Bartram, D, Inceoglu, I & van de Vijver, FJR 2014, 'Response styles and personality traits: A multilevel analysis', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1028– 1045. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114534773

Response styles and personality traits : A multilevel analysis. / He, J.; Bartram, D. ; Inceoglu, I.; van de Vijver, F.J.R.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 45, No. 7, 2014, p. 1028– 1045.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response styles and personality traits

T2 - A multilevel analysis

AU - He, J.

AU - Bartram, D.

AU - Inceoglu, I.

AU - van de Vijver, F.J.R.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - In two studies, we examined the shared and unique meaning of acquiescent, extreme, midpoint, and socially desirable responding in association with the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32), a forced-choice format personality measure designed to be less affected by these response styles, compared with personality inventories with Likert-type scales. Country-level response style indexes were derived from six waves of the International Social Survey Programme and from a meta-analysis of a social desirability scale. In the country-level correlational analysis, the four response styles formed a general response style (GRS) factor which was positively associated with (a) dominance (vs. submission) in interpersonal relationships, (b) competitive (vs. modest and democratic) feelings and emotions, and (c) data rational thinking. In a multilevel analysis, age showed a positive and education a negative effect on the individual-level GRS. Negative effects of country-level socioeconomic development and individualism and positive effects of competitiveness and data rational thinking on the individual-level response style were found. We conclude that country-level response styles are systematically associated with country personality measured by the OPQ32, suggesting that they can be viewed as having substantive meaning (i.e., culturally influenced response amplification vs. moderation). Implications are discussed.Keywords: response styles, acquiescence, extremity, midpoint responding, social desirability, OPQ32, Big Five personality

AB - In two studies, we examined the shared and unique meaning of acquiescent, extreme, midpoint, and socially desirable responding in association with the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32), a forced-choice format personality measure designed to be less affected by these response styles, compared with personality inventories with Likert-type scales. Country-level response style indexes were derived from six waves of the International Social Survey Programme and from a meta-analysis of a social desirability scale. In the country-level correlational analysis, the four response styles formed a general response style (GRS) factor which was positively associated with (a) dominance (vs. submission) in interpersonal relationships, (b) competitive (vs. modest and democratic) feelings and emotions, and (c) data rational thinking. In a multilevel analysis, age showed a positive and education a negative effect on the individual-level GRS. Negative effects of country-level socioeconomic development and individualism and positive effects of competitiveness and data rational thinking on the individual-level response style were found. We conclude that country-level response styles are systematically associated with country personality measured by the OPQ32, suggesting that they can be viewed as having substantive meaning (i.e., culturally influenced response amplification vs. moderation). Implications are discussed.Keywords: response styles, acquiescence, extremity, midpoint responding, social desirability, OPQ32, Big Five personality

U2 - 10.1177/0022022114534773

DO - 10.1177/0022022114534773

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 1028

EP - 1045

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 7

ER -