Restorative transformative learning en partnergeweld: Van ‘herstellen’ naar ‘herstellend transformeren’

Translated title of the contribution: Restorative transformative learning and partner violence: From restoring to restorative transformation

A. Pemberton, Dana Weistra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific


Many articles have dealt with the question why restorative justice in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) may or may not be appropriate. Seeing however as a punitive approach towards IPV is rapidly losing popularity as an effective way of dealing with this complex type of violence, as well as the outcomes of a recent study by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014) – where 25% of the Dutch women that were surveyed indicated they had experienced violence by an intimate partner – restorative justice may be a promising alternative after all.
Instead of adding to the debate, the current article focuses on how restorative justice can be constructed to be appropriate for IPV cases, and is explorative in nature. In order to do so, the theory behind transformative learning is combined with restorative justice practices, shifting the focus from ‘restoration’ to ‘restorative transformation’. Such a restorative transformative learning approach focuses on transforming violent meaning perspectives that dictate the use or toleration of violence. Instead of trying to restore the individual back to the state they were in before the violence took place – as ‘restoration’ traditionally implies – the goal of restorative transformative learning is to restore the individual back to a state before a violent meaning perspective was acquired. The transformation of violent meaning perspectives is therefore the prerequisite for restoration.
The method that is introduced in this article offers a practical framework and guidelines to achieve such a transformation. It answers to the complexity of IPV cases by focusing on the entire family system, while leaving room for individual restoration. In doing so, restorative transformative learning may possibly open the way to the acceptance of restorative justice in the field of IPV.

Translated title of the contributionRestorative transformative learning and partner violence: From restoring to restorative transformation
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalTijdschrift voor Herstelrecht
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • intimate partner violence, restorative justice, transformative learning, meaning perspectives, restorative transformative learning

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Restorative transformative learning and partner violence: From restoring to restorative transformation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this