Reuse and Innovation in Ezekiel 20 and Exodus 31:12-17

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Ezekiel 20 has long been recognized as dependent on numerous
Torah texts and traditions, in spite of the apparent contradictions. This study
examines how the relationship is in fact reversed in the case of Exodus
31.12-17*, the development of which has been influenced by the innovative
understanding of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20. We will first briefly explore the
compositional history of Exodus 31.12-17, concluding, with the majority of
contemporary mainstream scholarship, that the received text is secondary to
its context, and the product of more than one compositional layer. Upon
turning to the shared locutions and contextual overlap between Exodus
31.12-17 and Ezekiel 20, it becomes evident that the later layer of Exodus
31.12-17 is dependent on the description of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20.12-13,
16, 20-21, 24, leading us to argue that Exodus 31.12-17* was developed in
light of this text. The final part of the study is devoted to investigating how
and why the author of Ezekiel 20 used the language of the Holiness Code to
further develop this particular concept of Sabbath, particularly as a sign
related to sanctification of a people, which was later developed in Exodus
31.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Catholic Biblical Quarterly
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018

Fingerprint

Innovation
Reuse
Sabbath
Exodus
Layer
History
Holiness
Contextual
Overlap
Sanctification
Secondary Context
Locutions
Language

Keywords

  • Ezekiel
  • Exodus
  • reuse
  • composition
  • Sabbath

Cite this

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title = "Reuse and Innovation in Ezekiel 20 and Exodus 31:12-17",
abstract = "Ezekiel 20 has long been recognized as dependent on numerousTorah texts and traditions, in spite of the apparent contradictions. This studyexamines how the relationship is in fact reversed in the case of Exodus31.12-17*, the development of which has been influenced by the innovativeunderstanding of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20. We will first briefly explore thecompositional history of Exodus 31.12-17, concluding, with the majority ofcontemporary mainstream scholarship, that the received text is secondary toits context, and the product of more than one compositional layer. Uponturning to the shared locutions and contextual overlap between Exodus31.12-17 and Ezekiel 20, it becomes evident that the later layer of Exodus31.12-17 is dependent on the description of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20.12-13,16, 20-21, 24, leading us to argue that Exodus 31.12-17* was developed inlight of this text. The final part of the study is devoted to investigating howand why the author of Ezekiel 20 used the language of the Holiness Code tofurther develop this particular concept of Sabbath, particularly as a signrelated to sanctification of a people, which was later developed in Exodus31.",
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author = "Penelope Barter",
year = "2018",
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issn = "0008-7912",
publisher = "Catholic Biblical Association of America",

}

Reuse and Innovation in Ezekiel 20 and Exodus 31:12-17. / Barter, Penelope.

In: The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reuse and Innovation in Ezekiel 20 and Exodus 31:12-17

AU - Barter, Penelope

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Ezekiel 20 has long been recognized as dependent on numerousTorah texts and traditions, in spite of the apparent contradictions. This studyexamines how the relationship is in fact reversed in the case of Exodus31.12-17*, the development of which has been influenced by the innovativeunderstanding of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20. We will first briefly explore thecompositional history of Exodus 31.12-17, concluding, with the majority ofcontemporary mainstream scholarship, that the received text is secondary toits context, and the product of more than one compositional layer. Uponturning to the shared locutions and contextual overlap between Exodus31.12-17 and Ezekiel 20, it becomes evident that the later layer of Exodus31.12-17 is dependent on the description of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20.12-13,16, 20-21, 24, leading us to argue that Exodus 31.12-17* was developed inlight of this text. The final part of the study is devoted to investigating howand why the author of Ezekiel 20 used the language of the Holiness Code tofurther develop this particular concept of Sabbath, particularly as a signrelated to sanctification of a people, which was later developed in Exodus31.

AB - Ezekiel 20 has long been recognized as dependent on numerousTorah texts and traditions, in spite of the apparent contradictions. This studyexamines how the relationship is in fact reversed in the case of Exodus31.12-17*, the development of which has been influenced by the innovativeunderstanding of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20. We will first briefly explore thecompositional history of Exodus 31.12-17, concluding, with the majority ofcontemporary mainstream scholarship, that the received text is secondary toits context, and the product of more than one compositional layer. Uponturning to the shared locutions and contextual overlap between Exodus31.12-17 and Ezekiel 20, it becomes evident that the later layer of Exodus31.12-17 is dependent on the description of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20.12-13,16, 20-21, 24, leading us to argue that Exodus 31.12-17* was developed inlight of this text. The final part of the study is devoted to investigating howand why the author of Ezekiel 20 used the language of the Holiness Code tofurther develop this particular concept of Sabbath, particularly as a signrelated to sanctification of a people, which was later developed in Exodus31.

KW - Ezekiel

KW - Exodus

KW - reuse

KW - composition

KW - Sabbath

M3 - Article

JO - The Catholic Biblical Quarterly

JF - The Catholic Biblical Quarterly

SN - 0008-7912

ER -