Reuse and Innovation in Ezekiel 20 and Exodus 31:12-17

Penelope Barter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    Ezekiel 20 has long been recognized as dependent on numerous
    Torah texts and traditions, in spite of the apparent contradictions. This study
    examines how the relationship is in fact reversed in the case of Exodus
    31.12-17*, the development of which has been influenced by the innovative
    understanding of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20. We will first briefly explore the
    compositional history of Exodus 31.12-17, concluding, with the majority of
    contemporary mainstream scholarship, that the received text is secondary to
    its context, and the product of more than one compositional layer. Upon
    turning to the shared locutions and contextual overlap between Exodus
    31.12-17 and Ezekiel 20, it becomes evident that the later layer of Exodus
    31.12-17 is dependent on the description of Sabbath in Ezekiel 20.12-13,
    16, 20-21, 24, leading us to argue that Exodus 31.12-17* was developed in
    light of this text. The final part of the study is devoted to investigating how
    and why the author of Ezekiel 20 used the language of the Holiness Code to
    further develop this particular concept of Sabbath, particularly as a sign
    related to sanctification of a people, which was later developed in Exodus
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-380
    Number of pages16
    JournalThe Catholic Biblical Quarterly
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


    • Ezekiel
    • Exodus
    • reuse
    • composition
    • Sabbath


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