Saving Lives at Birth: The Impact of Home Births on Infant Outcomes

N. Meltem Daysal, M. Trandafir, R. van Ewijk

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Abstract

Abstract: Many developed countries have recently experienced sharp increases in home birth rates. This paper investigates the impact of home births on the health of low-risk newborns using data from the Netherlands, the only developed country where home births are widespread. To account for endogeneity in location of birth, we exploit the exogenous variation in distance from a mother’s residence to the closest hospital. We find that giving birth in a hospital leads to substantial reductions in newborn mortality. We provide suggestive evidence that proximity to medical technologies may be an important channel contributing to these health gains.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconometrics
Number of pages52
Volume2012-077
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2012-077

Keywords

  • Medical technology
  • birth
  • home birth
  • mortality

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    Meltem Daysal, N., Trandafir, M., & van Ewijk, R. (2012). Saving Lives at Birth: The Impact of Home Births on Infant Outcomes. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2012-077). Econometrics.