Schizophrenic Autism

Richard Gipps, Sanneke de Haan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific

Abstract

Schizophrenic autism, as originally intended by Eugen Bleuler, signifies a pathognomic form of motivated unmooring from the world into a state of asocial fantasy. In this article we discuss the unity of the three key aspects of this autism: (i) an altered relation to reality; (ii) a distinctive fantasy-involving form of thinking; and (iii) a motivated retreat from the world. Phenomenological psychiatry deepens our understanding of (i) by theorizing it in terms of disturbed pre-reflective intersubjective engagement, yet it deprecates the criteria of (ii) fantasy and (iii) motivation. We question the assumptions behind this deprecation, re-theorizing (ii) as withdrawal to a state in which a fantasy/reality distinction is compromised, and reinstating the motivational criterion (iii) through recovering a properly pre-reflective conception of dynamic motivation. The result is a conception of autism which preserves the unity of Bleuler’s concept by unifying phenomenological and psychoanalytical perspectives on the intersubjective constitution of selfhood.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology
EditorsGiovanni Stanghellini, Matthew Broome, Andrea Raballo, Anthony Vincent Fernandez, Paolo Fusar-Poli, René Rosfort
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780198803157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Fantasy
Autism
Conception
Pre-reflective
Unity
Intersubjective
Constitution
Selfhood
Retreat
Psychiatry

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Schizophrenia
  • Phenomenology
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Fantasy
  • Intersubjectivity
  • Motivation

Cite this

Gipps, R., & de Haan, S. (2018). Schizophrenic Autism. In G. Stanghellini, M. Broome, A. Raballo, A. V. Fernandez, P. Fusar-Poli, & R. Rosfort (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77
Gipps, Richard ; de Haan, Sanneke. / Schizophrenic Autism. The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. editor / Giovanni Stanghellini ; Matthew Broome ; Andrea Raballo ; Anthony Vincent Fernandez ; Paolo Fusar-Poli ; René Rosfort. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018.
@inbook{607db4d2f2584caca99708cd6862d13c,
title = "Schizophrenic Autism",
abstract = "Schizophrenic autism, as originally intended by Eugen Bleuler, signifies a pathognomic form of motivated unmooring from the world into a state of asocial fantasy. In this article we discuss the unity of the three key aspects of this autism: (i) an altered relation to reality; (ii) a distinctive fantasy-involving form of thinking; and (iii) a motivated retreat from the world. Phenomenological psychiatry deepens our understanding of (i) by theorizing it in terms of disturbed pre-reflective intersubjective engagement, yet it deprecates the criteria of (ii) fantasy and (iii) motivation. We question the assumptions behind this deprecation, re-theorizing (ii) as withdrawal to a state in which a fantasy/reality distinction is compromised, and reinstating the motivational criterion (iii) through recovering a properly pre-reflective conception of dynamic motivation. The result is a conception of autism which preserves the unity of Bleuler’s concept by unifying phenomenological and psychoanalytical perspectives on the intersubjective constitution of selfhood.",
keywords = "Autism, Schizophrenia, Phenomenology, Psychoanalysis, Fantasy, Intersubjectivity, Motivation",
author = "Richard Gipps and {de Haan}, Sanneke",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780198803157",
editor = "Giovanni Stanghellini and Broome, {Matthew } and Andrea Raballo and Fernandez, {Anthony Vincent} and Paolo Fusar-Poli and Ren{\'e} Rosfort",
booktitle = "The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

Gipps, R & de Haan, S 2018, Schizophrenic Autism. in G Stanghellini, M Broome, A Raballo, AV Fernandez, P Fusar-Poli & R Rosfort (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Oxford University Press, Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77

Schizophrenic Autism. / Gipps, Richard; de Haan, Sanneke.

The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. ed. / Giovanni Stanghellini; Matthew Broome; Andrea Raballo; Anthony Vincent Fernandez; Paolo Fusar-Poli; René Rosfort. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific

TY - CHAP

T1 - Schizophrenic Autism

AU - Gipps, Richard

AU - de Haan, Sanneke

PY - 2018/4/2

Y1 - 2018/4/2

N2 - Schizophrenic autism, as originally intended by Eugen Bleuler, signifies a pathognomic form of motivated unmooring from the world into a state of asocial fantasy. In this article we discuss the unity of the three key aspects of this autism: (i) an altered relation to reality; (ii) a distinctive fantasy-involving form of thinking; and (iii) a motivated retreat from the world. Phenomenological psychiatry deepens our understanding of (i) by theorizing it in terms of disturbed pre-reflective intersubjective engagement, yet it deprecates the criteria of (ii) fantasy and (iii) motivation. We question the assumptions behind this deprecation, re-theorizing (ii) as withdrawal to a state in which a fantasy/reality distinction is compromised, and reinstating the motivational criterion (iii) through recovering a properly pre-reflective conception of dynamic motivation. The result is a conception of autism which preserves the unity of Bleuler’s concept by unifying phenomenological and psychoanalytical perspectives on the intersubjective constitution of selfhood.

AB - Schizophrenic autism, as originally intended by Eugen Bleuler, signifies a pathognomic form of motivated unmooring from the world into a state of asocial fantasy. In this article we discuss the unity of the three key aspects of this autism: (i) an altered relation to reality; (ii) a distinctive fantasy-involving form of thinking; and (iii) a motivated retreat from the world. Phenomenological psychiatry deepens our understanding of (i) by theorizing it in terms of disturbed pre-reflective intersubjective engagement, yet it deprecates the criteria of (ii) fantasy and (iii) motivation. We question the assumptions behind this deprecation, re-theorizing (ii) as withdrawal to a state in which a fantasy/reality distinction is compromised, and reinstating the motivational criterion (iii) through recovering a properly pre-reflective conception of dynamic motivation. The result is a conception of autism which preserves the unity of Bleuler’s concept by unifying phenomenological and psychoanalytical perspectives on the intersubjective constitution of selfhood.

KW - Autism

KW - Schizophrenia

KW - Phenomenology

KW - Psychoanalysis

KW - Fantasy

KW - Intersubjectivity

KW - Motivation

U2 - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77

DO - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780198803157

BT - The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology

A2 - Stanghellini, Giovanni

A2 - Broome, Matthew

A2 - Raballo, Andrea

A2 - Fernandez, Anthony Vincent

A2 - Fusar-Poli, Paolo

A2 - Rosfort, René

PB - Oxford University Press

CY - Oxford

ER -

Gipps R, de Haan S. Schizophrenic Autism. In Stanghellini G, Broome M, Raballo A, Fernandez AV, Fusar-Poli P, Rosfort R, editors, The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2018 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198803157.013.77