Science as a moral system

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    Science is a collaborative effort to produce knowledge. Scientists thus must assess what information is trustworthy and who is a competent and honest source and partner. Facing the problem of trust, we can expect scientists to be vigilant. In response to their peers’ vigilance scientists will provide reasons, not only to convince their colleagues to adopt their practices or beliefs, but also to demonstrate that their beliefs and practices are justified. By justifying their beliefs and practices, scientists also justify themselves. Reasons in science thus do not only function as tools of persuasion but also to manage reputation. This analysis strongly suggests that science constitutes a moral system, which has implications for the study and philosophy of science.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number454
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


    • Cooperation
    • Morality
    • Reasons
    • Reputation
    • Science
    • Trust
    • Enigma


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