This study investigated (factors related to) (a) the response to a screening procedure for depression and anxiety in people with type 2 diabetes in primary care, and (b) participation in a subsequent randomised controlled trial targeting depressive or anxiety symptoms.
People with type 2 diabetes (n=1837) received a screening questionnaire assessing depressive symptoms (PHQ-9) and anxiety symptoms (GAD-7). Eligible persons who scored above the cut-off score (PHQ-9≥7 or GAD-7≥8) were offered to participate in the trial.
In total, 798 people (43%) returned the screening questionnaire. Non-responders were more often female (53% vs 44%, p<0.001), had higher LDL cholesterol levels (Cohen's d=0.17, p=0.001) and a higher albumin/creatinine ratio (Cohen's d=0.08, p=0.01). In total, 130 people (18%) reported elevated depressive or anxiety symptoms. Twenty-seven persons agreed to participate in the trial. Factors related to participation were a high education level, a higher level of diabetes distress and a history of psychological problems.
Using screening as recruitment resulted in a small number of participants in a treatment trial for anxiety and depression. Research is needed to investigate whether screening is also followed by a low uptake of treatment in primary care outside a RCT setting.
- Journal Article