Self-esteem in early adolescence as predictor of depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood

The mediating role of motivational and social factors

M. Masselink, G.H. van Roekel, A. J. Oldehinkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Ample research has shown that low self-esteem increases the risk to develop depressive symptoms during adolescence. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains largely unknown, as well as how long adolescents with low self-esteem remain vulnerable to developing depressive symptoms. Insight into this mechanism may not only result in a better theoretical understanding but also provide directions for possible interventions. To address these gaps in knowledge, we investigated whether self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood. Moreover, we investigated a cascading mediational model, in which we focused on factors that are inherently related to self-esteem and the adolescent developmental period: approach and avoidance motivation and the social factors social contact, social problems, and social support. We used data from four waves of the TRAILS study (N = 2228, 51% girls): early adolescence (mean age 11 years), middle adolescence (mean age 14 years), late adolescence (mean age 16 years), and early adulthood (mean age 22 years). Path-analyses showed that low self-esteem is an enduring vulnerability for developing depressive symptoms. Self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence as well as early adulthood. This association was independently mediated by avoidance motivation and social problems, but not by approach motivation. The effect sizes were relatively small, indicating that having low self-esteem is a vulnerability factor, but does not necessarily predispose adolescents to developing depressive symptoms on their way to adulthood. Our study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the association between self-esteem and depressive symptoms, and has identified avoidance motivation and social problems as possible targets for intervention.
Keywords: Self-esteem, Depression, Motivation, Social problems, Avoidance, Social support
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932–946
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

adulthood
self-esteem
adolescence
social factors
Depression
Social Problems
adolescent
social support
vulnerability
social relations

Keywords

  • AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION
  • Avoidance
  • BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION
  • BIS-BAS
  • BIS/BAS SCALES
  • Depression
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • LONGITUDINAL DATA
  • Motivation
  • NEGATIVE AFFECT
  • REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • Self-esteem
  • Social problems
  • Social support
  • YOUNG ADULTHOOD

Cite this

@article{48d682780c3543869dd28451739d9571,
title = "Self-esteem in early adolescence as predictor of depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood: The mediating role of motivational and social factors",
abstract = "Ample research has shown that low self-esteem increases the risk to develop depressive symptoms during adolescence. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains largely unknown, as well as how long adolescents with low self-esteem remain vulnerable to developing depressive symptoms. Insight into this mechanism may not only result in a better theoretical understanding but also provide directions for possible interventions. To address these gaps in knowledge, we investigated whether self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood. Moreover, we investigated a cascading mediational model, in which we focused on factors that are inherently related to self-esteem and the adolescent developmental period: approach and avoidance motivation and the social factors social contact, social problems, and social support. We used data from four waves of the TRAILS study (N = 2228, 51{\%} girls): early adolescence (mean age 11 years), middle adolescence (mean age 14 years), late adolescence (mean age 16 years), and early adulthood (mean age 22 years). Path-analyses showed that low self-esteem is an enduring vulnerability for developing depressive symptoms. Self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence as well as early adulthood. This association was independently mediated by avoidance motivation and social problems, but not by approach motivation. The effect sizes were relatively small, indicating that having low self-esteem is a vulnerability factor, but does not necessarily predispose adolescents to developing depressive symptoms on their way to adulthood. Our study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the association between self-esteem and depressive symptoms, and has identified avoidance motivation and social problems as possible targets for intervention.Keywords: Self-esteem, Depression, Motivation, Social problems, Avoidance, Social support",
keywords = "AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION, Avoidance, BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION, BIS-BAS, BIS/BAS SCALES, Depression, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, LONGITUDINAL DATA, Motivation, NEGATIVE AFFECT, REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY, SEX-DIFFERENCES, Self-esteem, Social problems, Social support, YOUNG ADULTHOOD",
author = "M. Masselink and {van Roekel}, G.H. and Oldehinkel, {A. J.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s10964-017-0727-z",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "932–946",
journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
issn = "0047-2891",
publisher = "SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS",
number = "5",

}

Self-esteem in early adolescence as predictor of depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood : The mediating role of motivational and social factors. / Masselink, M.; van Roekel, G.H.; Oldehinkel, A. J.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 47, No. 5, 2018, p. 932–946.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-esteem in early adolescence as predictor of depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood

T2 - The mediating role of motivational and social factors

AU - Masselink, M.

AU - van Roekel, G.H.

AU - Oldehinkel, A. J.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Ample research has shown that low self-esteem increases the risk to develop depressive symptoms during adolescence. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains largely unknown, as well as how long adolescents with low self-esteem remain vulnerable to developing depressive symptoms. Insight into this mechanism may not only result in a better theoretical understanding but also provide directions for possible interventions. To address these gaps in knowledge, we investigated whether self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood. Moreover, we investigated a cascading mediational model, in which we focused on factors that are inherently related to self-esteem and the adolescent developmental period: approach and avoidance motivation and the social factors social contact, social problems, and social support. We used data from four waves of the TRAILS study (N = 2228, 51% girls): early adolescence (mean age 11 years), middle adolescence (mean age 14 years), late adolescence (mean age 16 years), and early adulthood (mean age 22 years). Path-analyses showed that low self-esteem is an enduring vulnerability for developing depressive symptoms. Self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence as well as early adulthood. This association was independently mediated by avoidance motivation and social problems, but not by approach motivation. The effect sizes were relatively small, indicating that having low self-esteem is a vulnerability factor, but does not necessarily predispose adolescents to developing depressive symptoms on their way to adulthood. Our study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the association between self-esteem and depressive symptoms, and has identified avoidance motivation and social problems as possible targets for intervention.Keywords: Self-esteem, Depression, Motivation, Social problems, Avoidance, Social support

AB - Ample research has shown that low self-esteem increases the risk to develop depressive symptoms during adolescence. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains largely unknown, as well as how long adolescents with low self-esteem remain vulnerable to developing depressive symptoms. Insight into this mechanism may not only result in a better theoretical understanding but also provide directions for possible interventions. To address these gaps in knowledge, we investigated whether self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence and early adulthood. Moreover, we investigated a cascading mediational model, in which we focused on factors that are inherently related to self-esteem and the adolescent developmental period: approach and avoidance motivation and the social factors social contact, social problems, and social support. We used data from four waves of the TRAILS study (N = 2228, 51% girls): early adolescence (mean age 11 years), middle adolescence (mean age 14 years), late adolescence (mean age 16 years), and early adulthood (mean age 22 years). Path-analyses showed that low self-esteem is an enduring vulnerability for developing depressive symptoms. Self-esteem in early adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in late adolescence as well as early adulthood. This association was independently mediated by avoidance motivation and social problems, but not by approach motivation. The effect sizes were relatively small, indicating that having low self-esteem is a vulnerability factor, but does not necessarily predispose adolescents to developing depressive symptoms on their way to adulthood. Our study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the association between self-esteem and depressive symptoms, and has identified avoidance motivation and social problems as possible targets for intervention.Keywords: Self-esteem, Depression, Motivation, Social problems, Avoidance, Social support

KW - AVOIDANCE MOTIVATION

KW - Avoidance

KW - BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION

KW - BIS-BAS

KW - BIS/BAS SCALES

KW - Depression

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - LONGITUDINAL DATA

KW - Motivation

KW - NEGATIVE AFFECT

KW - REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY

KW - SEX-DIFFERENCES

KW - Self-esteem

KW - Social problems

KW - Social support

KW - YOUNG ADULTHOOD

U2 - 10.1007/s10964-017-0727-z

DO - 10.1007/s10964-017-0727-z

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 932

EP - 946

JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

IS - 5

ER -