Self-presentation and the role of perspective taking and social motivation in autism spectrum disorder

A.M. Scheeren, Robin Banerjee, Hans M. Koot, Sander Begeer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We compared self-presentation abilities of 132 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to those of 41 typically developing (TD) peers, and examined the potential link with their social motivation and perspective taking. Participants introduced themselves to an interviewer in a baseline condition (without incentive) and a self-promotion condition (with incentive). Children with ASD (6–12 years) were just as likely as or even more likely than TD children to highlight personal characteristics that would increase their chances of obtaining the incentive. Thus, they were strategic in their self-presentation. However, adolescents with ASD (12–19 years) were less strategic than TD adolescents as well as children with ASD. We discuss the role of social motivation and perspective taking in children’s self-presentation.
Keywords
Autism, Self-presentation, Adolescents, Social motivation, Theory of mind
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-657
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Self-presentation
  • Adolescents
  • Social motivation
  • Theory of mind

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