Sexual Bias and Household Consumption

A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China

X. Gong, A.H.O. van Soest, P. Zhang

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

We analyze Engel curves for nuclear households in rural China. The sample includes more than 5000 nuclear families covering nineteen out of thirty Chinese provinces. We consider expenditures on food, also subdivided into several food subcategories such as cereals, or meat and fish, and other consumption categories such as alcohol and tobacco, medical, and educational goods. We use the semiparametric partially linear model. This allows for any functional form relationship between the budget shares and total expenditures, but assumes that the demographic variables enter the model in a linear way. We correct for potential endogeneity of total expenditures. Our results suggest that there are economies of scale in families' consumption expenditure patterns. We find some differences in consumption patterns which relate to differences in gender of children, which can be seen as evidence of sexual bias related to a commonly believed existing preference for boys.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherEconometrics
Number of pages32
Volume2000-45
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2000-45

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Rural China
Engel curves
Expenditure
Household consumption
Food
Meat
Partially linear model
Demographic variables
Economies of scale
Endogeneity
Education
Fish
Consumption patterns
Cereals
Household
Functional form
Alcohol
Tobacco

Cite this

Gong, X., van Soest, A. H. O., & Zhang, P. (2000). Sexual Bias and Household Consumption: A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2000-45). Tilburg: Econometrics.
Gong, X. ; van Soest, A.H.O. ; Zhang, P. / Sexual Bias and Household Consumption : A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China. Tilburg : Econometrics, 2000. (CentER Discussion Paper).
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Gong, X, van Soest, AHO & Zhang, P 2000 'Sexual Bias and Household Consumption: A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2000-45, Econometrics, Tilburg.

Sexual Bias and Household Consumption : A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China. / Gong, X.; van Soest, A.H.O.; Zhang, P.

Tilburg : Econometrics, 2000. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2000-45).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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AU - van Soest, A.H.O.

AU - Zhang, P.

N1 - Pagination: 32

PY - 2000

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N2 - We analyze Engel curves for nuclear households in rural China. The sample includes more than 5000 nuclear families covering nineteen out of thirty Chinese provinces. We consider expenditures on food, also subdivided into several food subcategories such as cereals, or meat and fish, and other consumption categories such as alcohol and tobacco, medical, and educational goods. We use the semiparametric partially linear model. This allows for any functional form relationship between the budget shares and total expenditures, but assumes that the demographic variables enter the model in a linear way. We correct for potential endogeneity of total expenditures. Our results suggest that there are economies of scale in families' consumption expenditure patterns. We find some differences in consumption patterns which relate to differences in gender of children, which can be seen as evidence of sexual bias related to a commonly believed existing preference for boys.

AB - We analyze Engel curves for nuclear households in rural China. The sample includes more than 5000 nuclear families covering nineteen out of thirty Chinese provinces. We consider expenditures on food, also subdivided into several food subcategories such as cereals, or meat and fish, and other consumption categories such as alcohol and tobacco, medical, and educational goods. We use the semiparametric partially linear model. This allows for any functional form relationship between the budget shares and total expenditures, but assumes that the demographic variables enter the model in a linear way. We correct for potential endogeneity of total expenditures. Our results suggest that there are economies of scale in families' consumption expenditure patterns. We find some differences in consumption patterns which relate to differences in gender of children, which can be seen as evidence of sexual bias related to a commonly believed existing preference for boys.

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Gong X, van Soest AHO, Zhang P. Sexual Bias and Household Consumption: A Semiparametic Analysis of Engel curves in Rural China. Tilburg: Econometrics. 2000. (CentER Discussion Paper).