This paper investigates the short-term robustness of production planning and control systems. This robustness is defined here as the systems ability to maintain short-term service probabilities (i.e., the probability that the fill rate remains within a prespecified range), in a variety of environments (scenarios). For this investigation, the paper introduces a heuristic, stagewise methodology that combines the techniques of discrete-event simulation, heuristic optimization, risk or uncertainty analysis, and bootstrapping. This methodology compares production control systems, subject to a short-term fill-rate constraint while minimizing long- term work-in-process (WIP). This provides a new tool for performance analysis in operations management. The methodology is illustrated via the example of a production line with four stations and a single product; it compares Kanban, Conwip, Hybrid, and Generic production control schemes.
|Place of Publication||Tilburg|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
|Name||CentER Discussion Paper|
- risk analysis
- robustness and sensitivity analysis